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Product Market Integration and Labour Markets: Aggregate Gains at the Cost of More Inequality?

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  • Andersen, Torben M.

    ()
    (Aarhus University)

  • Sørensen, Allan

    ()
    (Aarhus University)

Abstract

Important labour market consequences of globalization may arise via product market integration which affects the room for wage negotiations and generates job creation and destruction through structural changes. We find in a Ricardian trade model that aggregate increases in wages and employment may conceal important differences across sectors/groups driven by a different balance between "protection" and "specialization" rents. In particular, wage inequality tends to be U-shaped, at first decreasing and then increasing in the process of product market integration. Consequently, there are gains in both the efficiency and the equity dimension until the level of integration reaches a certain level at which a trade-off arises.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2556.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2007
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as 'Product Market Integration, Rents and Wage Inequality' in: Review of International Economics, 2011, 19 (4), 595 - 608
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2556

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Keywords: rent sharing; relative productivity; trade frictions; job turnover; inequality;

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