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Institutions matter: the case of Vietnam

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  • Thi Bich Tran
  • Tom Kompas
  • Quentin Grafton

Abstract

The paper investigates institutional reforms in Vietnam and their impact on the economic performance of firms. Using the provincial competitiveness index 2006 (PCI06) and firm-level data in Vietnam in 2005, the results show that provincial competitiveness is economically and statistically significant in explaining cross-province differences in firm performance. We find that a one percentage point improvement in government practice could increase the daily value-added of an average firm by an amount equivalent to nearly three times per capita GDP per day. The results show that an improvement in providing market information, more secure land tenure and labor training assistance has a positive effect on firm performance. By contrast, weaknesses in the judiciary system and administrative reforms impede growth of non-state firms. The findings indicate that governance is an important obstacle to the development of the non-state sector in Vietnam.

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File URL: https://crawford.anu.edu.au/degrees/idec/working_papers/IDEC08-01.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International and Development Economics in its series International and Development Economics Working Papers with number idec08-01.

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Length: 43 pages
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:idc:wpaper:idec08-01

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  7. Stoyan Tenev & Amanda Carlier & Omar Chaudry & Quynh-Trang Nguyen, 2003. "Informality and the Playing Field in Vietnam's Business Sector," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15084, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Nam Tran-Quy & Almas Heshmati, 2009. "Measurements and Determinants of Pay Inequality and its Impacts on Firms Performance in Vietnam," TEMEP Discussion Papers 200930, Seoul National University; Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), revised Nov 2009.
  2. Dang, Duc Anh, 2013. "How foreign direct investment promote institutional quality: Evidence from Vietnam," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 1054-1072.
  3. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00429732 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Jie Bai & Seema Jayachandran & Edmund J. Malesky & Benjamin A. Olken, 2013. "Does Economic Growth Reduce Corruption? Theory and Evidence from Vietnam," NBER Working Papers 19483, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Nguyen, Thang V. & Le, Ngoc T.B. & Bryant, Scott E., 2013. "Sub-national institutions, firm strategies, and firm performance: A multilevel study of private manufacturing firms in Vietnam," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 68-76.
  6. Harbi, Sana El & Anderson, Alistair R., 2010. "Institutions and the shaping of different forms of entrepreneurship," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 436-444, June.

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