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The Relation Between Global Migration and Trade Networks

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Author Info

  • Paolo Sgrignoli

    ()
    (IMT Lucca Institute for Advanced Studies)

  • Rodolfo Metulini

    ()
    (IMT Lucca Institute for Advanced Studies)

  • Stefano Schiavo

    (Department of Economics and Management, University of Trento)

  • Massimo Riccaboni

    ()
    (IMT Lucca Institute for Advanced Studies)

Abstract

In this paper we develop a methodology to analyze and compare multiple global networks. We focus our analysis on the relation between human migration and trade. First, we identify the subset of products for which the presence of a community of migrants significantly increases trade intensity. To assure comparability across networks, we apply a hypergeometric filter to identify links for which migration and trade intensity are both significantly higher than expected. Next we develop an econometric methodology, inspired by spatial econometrics, to measure the effect of migration on international trade while controlling for network interdependencies. Overall, we find that migration significantly boosts trade across sectors and we are able to identify product categories for which this effect is particularly strong.

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File URL: http://eprints.imtlucca.it/1830/1/EIC_WP_6_2013.pdf
File Function: First version, 2013
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by IMT Institute for Advanced Studies Lucca in its series Working Papers with number 6/2013.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2013
Date of revision: Oct 2013
Handle: RePEc:ial:wpaper:6/2013

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Keywords: Trade; Migration; networks; gravity model; spatial econometric;

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  1. Giovanni Peri & Francisco Requena-Silvente, 2010. "The trade creation effect of immigrants: evidence from the remarkable case of Spain," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 43(4), pages 1433-1459, November.
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  3. Murat Genc & Masood Gheasi & Peter Nijkamp & Jacques Poot, 2011. "The impact of immigration on international trade: a meta-analysis," Norface Discussion Paper Series 2011020, Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London.
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  8. Massimo Riccaboni & Alessandro Rossi & Stefano Schiavo, 2011. "Global Networks of Trade and Bits," Department of Economics Working Papers 1108, Department of Economics, University of Trento, Italia.
  9. James E. Rauch & Vitor Trindade, 2002. "Ethnic Chinese Networks In International Trade," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(1), pages 116-130, February.
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  12. James P. LeSage & Manfred M. Fischer & Thomas Scherngell, 2007. "Knowledge spillovers across Europe: Evidence from a Poisson spatial interaction model with spatial effects," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 86(3), pages 393-421, 08.
  13. Mayer, Thierry & Zignago, Soledad, 2006. "Notes on CEPII’s distances measures," MPRA Paper 26469, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  14. Smirnov, Oleg & Anselin, Luc, 2001. "Fast maximum likelihood estimation of very large spatial autoregressive models: a characteristic polynomial approach," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 301-319, January.
  15. Stephen G. Hall & Pavlos Petroulas, 2008. "Spatial Interdependencies of FDI Locations: A Lessening of the Tyranny of Distance?," Discussion Papers in Economics 08/28, Department of Economics, University of Leicester.
  16. Robert C. Feenstra & Robert E. Lipsey & Haiyan Deng & Alyson C. Ma & Hengyong Mo, 2005. "World Trade Flows: 1962-2000," NBER Working Papers 11040, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  17. Ming-Long Lee & R. Kelley Pace, 2005. "Spatial Distribution of Retail Sales," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 31(1), pages 53-69, August.
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