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Start me up: The effectiveness of a self-employment programme for needy unemployed people in Germany

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  • Wolff, Joachim

    ()
    (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

  • Nivorozhkin, Anton

    ()
    (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

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    Abstract

    "In recent years activation of means-tested unemployment benefit recipients has become a major issue of European labour market policy. We study the effect of participation in a new business start-up scheme for needy unemployed people in Germany. The programme was introduced at the beginning of the year 2005 together with a new means-tested benefit system. We used data from administrative records to draw a sample of needy participants who entered the programme from February to April 2005 and of an adequate control group. Even though these data are quite rich in terms of information on the labour market performance and individual and household characteristics, they do not provide information on unsubsidised self-employment. Therefore, using matching methods we estimate the impact of the programme participation on the outcomes 'neither being registered as unemployed nor as a job-seeker' and 'no receipt of unemployment benefit II'. Our estimates imply that even by the time when nearly no participant receives the start-up subsidy any longer treatment reduces considerably the proportion of registered job-seekers and of means-tested benefit recipients among the treated. Moreover, there is no substantial variation of these effects over different population groups." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] in its series IAB Discussion Paper with number 200820.

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    Length: 49 pages
    Date of creation: 15 May 2008
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: published in: Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, (2012)
    Handle: RePEc:iab:iabdpa:200820

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    Keywords: berufliche Selbständigkeit; Hilfebedürftige; Sozialgesetzbuch II; Arbeitslosengeld II-Empfänger; Einstiegsgeld; arbeitsmarktpolitische Maßnahme - Erfolgskontrolle;

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    References

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    1. Martin Browning & Thomas F. Crossley & Eric Smith, 2003. "Asset Accumulation and Short Term Employment," CAM Working Papers 2003-02, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics. Centre for Applied Microeconometrics.
    2. Hohmeyer, Katrin & Wolff, Joachim, 2007. "A fistful of Euros: Does One-Euro-Job participation lead means-tested benefit recipients into regular jobs and out of unemployment benefit II receipt?," IAB Discussion Paper 200732, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    3. Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Reize, Frank, 2000. "Business start-ups by the unemployed -- an econometric analysis based on firm data," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(5), pages 629-663, September.
    4. Baumgartner, Hans J. & Caliendo, Marco, 2007. "Turning Unemployment into Self-Employment: Effectiveness and Efficiency of Two Start-Up Programmes," IZA Discussion Papers 2660, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    5. Alberto Abadie & Guido W. Imbens, 2006. "On the Failure of the Bootstrap for Matching Estimators," NBER Technical Working Papers 0325, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Marco Caliendo & Alexander Kritikos, 2010. "Start-ups by the unemployed: characteristics, survival and direct employment effects," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 35(1), pages 71-92, July.
    7. Begona Cueto & Javier Mato, 2006. "An analysis of self-employment subsidies with duration models," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(1), pages 23-32.
    8. Marco Caliendo & Sabine Kopeinig, 2005. "Some Practical Guidance for the Implementation of Propensity Score Matching," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 485, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    9. Nigel Meager & Peter Bates & Marc Cowling, 2003. "An Evaluation of Business Start-Up Support for Young People," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 186(1), pages 59-72, October.
    10. Noll, Susanne & Wolff, Joachim & Nivorozhkin, Anton, 2006. "Förderung mit dem Einstiegsgeld nach § 29 SGB II : erste Befunde zur Implementation und Deskription," IAB-Forschungsbericht 200623, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    11. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:40:i:1:p:45-64 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Sascha O. Becker & Andrea Ichino, 2002. "Estimation of average treatment effects based on propensity scores," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 2(4), pages 358-377, November.
    13. Jacobi, Lena & Kluve, Jochen, 2007. "Before and after the Hartz reforms: The performance of active labour market policy in Germany," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 40(1), pages 45-64.
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    Cited by:
    1. Martin Huber & Michael Lechner & Conny Wunsch & Thomas Walter, 2009. "Do German Welfare-to-Work Programmes Reduce Welfare and Increase Work?," University of St. Gallen Department of Economics working paper series 2009 2009-03, Department of Economics, University of St. Gallen.
    2. Caliendo, Marco & Hogenacker, Jens, 2012. "The German Labor Market after the Great Recession: Successful Reforms and Future Challenges," IZA Discussion Papers 6810, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Bernhard, Sarah & Gartner, Hermann & Stephan, Gesine, 2008. "Wage Subsidies for Needy Job-Seekers and Their Effect on Individual Labour Market Outcomes after the German Reforms," IZA Discussion Papers 3772, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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