Who is targeted by One-Euro-Jobs? A Selectivity Analysis
AbstractMajor reforms of the unemployment benefit system were implemented in Germany in 2005. One controversial element of these reforms is the activation of means-tested benefit recipients by a workfare programme, so-called One-Euro-Jobs. Politically and numerically, One-Euro-Jobs are the most important programme for means-tested benefit recipients with more than 600,000 benefit recipients entering the programme per year. Using a sample from early 2005, this study investigates the selection of means-tested unemployment benefit recipients into One-Euro-Jobs in their introduction period. In particular, the different participation chances for men and women as well as for eastern and western Germans are analysed. While women have a lower probability of participating if they have a child under the age of three, there is no such difference to be found for men. We also find that young adults under 25 are more likely to begin a One-Euro-Job than other age groups. Moreover, special target groups such as individuals with a migration background are not promoted with One-Euro-Jobs. In fact, a concentration on defined target groups cannot be observed. To analyse the sizable differences in the participation probabilities of women in eastern and western Germany a Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition of effects is applied. It emerges that the differences can be traced back to a large extent to characteristics such as qualification level and employment history and to the availability of child care facilities.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Duncker & Humblot, Berlin in its journal Schmollers Jahrbuch.
Volume (Year): 129 (2009)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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Web page: http://www.duncker-humblot.de
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- D78 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Positive Analysis of Policy Formulation and Implementation
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- J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy
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- Dengler, Katharina, 2013. "The effectiveness of sequences of One-Euro Jobs : is it better to do more One-Euro-Jobs or to wait?," IAB Discussion Paper 201316, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
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- Bernhard, Sarah & Kruppe, Thomas, 2012. "Effectiveness of further vocational training in Germany : empirical findings for persons receiving means-tested unemployment benefit," IAB Discussion Paper 201210, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
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