The Role of Trade Credit for Small Firms: An Implication from Japan's Banking Crisis
AbstractTrade credit is one of the most important sources of short-term external finance for small firms. Previous literature has focused mainly on the substitution of bank loans for trade credit during monetary tightening among many firms, but in this paper we investigate the role of trade credit during the banking crisis in Japan. The basic motivation is to explore whether the substitution hypothesis still holds even under serious financial turbulence. Our main results suggest that the substitution hypothesis held in Japan when the banking sector was healthy, but broke down during the banking crisis. More precisely, both bank loans and trade credit contracted simultaneously during the crisis. Deteriorated bank health might have been primarily responsible for the widespread declines of credit to small and medium size firms in Japan during the banking crisis.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series CEI Working Paper Series with number 2006-9.
Length: 27 p.
Date of creation: Oct 2006
Date of revision:
Note: October, 2006
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Postal: 2-1 Naka, Kunitachi, Tokyo 186-8603
Web page: http://cei.ier.hit-u.ac.jp/
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Trade credit; Bank-firm relationship; Unlisted firms;
Other versions of this item:
- Shin-ichi Fukuda & Munehisa Kasuya & Kentaro Akashi, 2006. "The Role of Trade Credit for Small Firms: An Implication from Japan's Banking Crisis," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-440, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
- Shin-ichi Fukuda & Munehisa Kasuya & Kentaro Akashi, 2006. "The Role of Trade Credit for Small Firms: An Implication from Japan's Banking Crisis," CARF F-Series CARF-F-078, Center for Advanced Research in Finance, Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo.
- G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
- G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation
- G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2007-08-18 (All new papers)
- NEP-BAN-2007-08-18 (Banking)
- NEP-CFN-2007-08-18 (Corporate Finance)
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- Santiago Carbó Valverde & Francisco Rodríguez-Fernández & Gregory F. Udell, 2008. "Bank lending, financing constraints and SME investment," Working Paper Series WP-08-04, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
- Kenshi Taketa & Gregory F. Udell, 2007. "Lending Channels and Financial Shocks: The Case of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprise Trade Credit and the Japanese Banking Crisis," Monetary and Economic Studies, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan, vol. 25(2), pages 1-44, November.
- TSURUTA Daisuke, 2007. "Credit Contagion and Trade Credit Supply: Evidence from Small Business Data in Japan," Discussion papers 07043, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
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