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The Crowding-Out of Work Ethics

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  • Grepperud, Sverre

    ()
    (Institute of Health Management and Health Economics)

  • Pedersen, Pål Andreas

    (Bodø Graduate School of Business)

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    Abstract

    This paper analyses optimal contracts in a principal-agent model where the agent is intrinsically motivated at the outset and there is an endogenous relationship between the structure of incentive payments and intrinsic motivation (crowding effects). The analysis shows that crowding effects have implications for the optimal contract and that under some conditions the principal can do better without implementing any economic incentives. Furthermore, it is shown that when high-powered incentives diminish intrinsic motivation (crowding-out) the first-best solution in a principal-agent framework is unattainable.

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    File URL: http://www.hero.uio.no/publicat/2001/HERO2001_4.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Oslo University, Health Economics Research Programme in its series HERO On line Working Paper Series with number 2001:4.

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    Length: 17 pages
    Date of creation: 30 Jun 2009
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:oslohe:2001_004

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    Postal: HERO / Institute of Health Management and Health Economics P.O. Box 1089 Blindern, N-0317 Oslo, Norway
    Phone: 2307 5309
    Fax: 2307 5310
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    Web page: http://www.hero.uio.no/eng.html
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    Keywords: Agency theory; intrinsic motivation; crowding effects;

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    1. Baron, James N., 1988. "The employment relation as a social relation," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 2(4), pages 492-525, December.
    2. Earl, P.E., 1990. "Economics And Psychology: A Survey," Papers, Tasmania - Department of Economics 1990-04, Tasmania - Department of Economics.
    3. Frey, Bruno S, 1997. "A Constitution for Knaves Crowds Out Civic Virtues," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 107(443), pages 1043-53, July.
    4. Bengt Holmstrom, 1979. "Moral Hazard and Observability," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 10(1), pages 74-91, Spring.
    5. Bengt Holmstrom, 1981. "Moral Hazard in Teams," Discussion Papers, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science 471, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
    6. Jensen, Michael C & Murphy, Kevin J, 1990. "Performance Pay and Top-Management Incentives," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(2), pages 225-64, April.
    7. Francois, Patrick, 2000. "'Public service motivation' as an argument for government provision," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(3), pages 275-299, November.
    8. Akerlof, George A, 1982. "Labor Contracts as Partial Gift Exchange," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 97(4), pages 543-69, November.
    9. Frey, Bruno S., 1993. "Motivation as a limit to pricing," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 635-664, December.
    10. Frey, Bruno S., 1993. "Shirking or work morale? : The impact of regulating," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 37(8), pages 1523-1532, December.
    11. Kreps, David M, 1997. "Intrinsic Motivation and Extrinsic Incentives," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(2), pages 359-64, May.
    12. James J. Heckman & Jeffrey A. Smith & Christopher Taber, 1996. "What Do Bureaucrats Do? The Effects of Performance Standards and Bureaucratic Preferences on Acceptance into the JTPA Program," NBER Working Papers 5535, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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