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Friendship Network in the Classroom: Parent Bias and Peer Effects

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Author Info

  • Landini, Fabio

    ()
    (Bocconi University)

  • Montinari, Natalia

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Lund University)

  • Pin, Paolo

    ()
    (Università di Siena)

  • Piovesan, Marco

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Copenhagen)

Abstract

We interview both parents and their children enrolled in six primary schools in the district of Treviso (Italy). We study the structural differences between the children network of friends reported by children and the one elicited asking their parents. We find that the parents’ network has a bias: parents expect peer effects on school achievement to be stronger than what they really are. Thus, parents of low-performing students report their children to be friends of high-performing students. Our numerical simulations indicate that when this bias is combined with a bias on how some children target friends, then there is a multiplier effect on the expected school achievement.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Lund University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2014:19.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: 18 May 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:lunewp:2014_019

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Postal: Department of Economics, School of Economics and Management, Lund University, Box 7082, S-220 07 Lund,Sweden
Phone: +46 +46 222 0000
Fax: +46 +46 2224613
Web page: http://www.nek.lu.se/en
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Keywords: social networks; primary school; friendships; parents’ bias; homophily; peer effects; Bonacich centrality;

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  1. Antoni Calv�-Armengol & Eleonora Patacchini & Yves Zenou, 2009. "Peer Effects and Social Networks in Education," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 76(4), pages 1239-1267.
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  17. Babcock, Phillip, 2008. "From Ties to Gains? Evidence on Connectedness and Human Capital Acquisition," University of California at Santa Barbara, Economics Working Paper Series qt6fw1m0x0, Department of Economics, UC Santa Barbara.
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  22. Caroline Hoxby, 2000. "Peer Effects in the Classroom: Learning from Gender and Race Variation," NBER Working Papers 7867, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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