The Effects of Racial and Extracurricular Friendship Diversity on Achievement
AbstractThis paper finds the effect of having friends of a similar race and who are involved in similar activities. It explores data which allows a peer group to be defined openly through self nominations. Using a strategy that corrects for the endogeneity of peer effects by instrumenting using variables at the "grade within school" level, it is shown that friendship diversity can help whites increase achievement. Although not much significance was found with other races, most of the strategies pushed towards the direction of racial diversity aiding achievement. Regarding extracurricular activities, it is found that there is a benefit in having friends in common individual academic activities, conditional on the respondent only belonging to academic or scholastic clubs. There are insignificant effects in having friends in common sports, conditional on the respondent only participating in sports.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 0816.
Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2008
Date of revision:
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Fax: (508) 793-3708
Web page: http://www.holycross.edu/departments/economics/website/
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National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health; Add Health; friendship formation; returns to diversity; scholastic achievement; school redistribution;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
- I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2008-12-07 (All new papers)
- NEP-LAB-2008-12-07 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-URE-2008-12-07 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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