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Roma Employment in Hungary After the Post-Communist Transition

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  • Gabor Kertesi

    ()
    (Institute of Economics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences)

  • Gabor Kezdi

    ()
    (Central European University, Institute of Economics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences)

Abstract

We analyze the magnitude and the causes of the low formal employment rate of the Roma in Hungary between 1993 and 2007. The employment rate of the Roma dropped dramatically around 1990. The ethnic employment gap has been 40 percentage points for both men and women and has stayed remarkably stable. Differences in education are the most important factor behind the gap, the number of children is important for female employment, and geographic differences play little role once education is controlled for. Conditional on employment, the gap in earnings is 0.3, and half of it is explained by educational differences.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences in its series Budapest Working Papers on the Labour Market with number 1009.

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Date of creation: Dec 2010
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Handle: RePEc:has:bworkp:1009

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Keywords: Roma minority; employment; education; Hungary;

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  1. Niall O'Higgins & Andrey Ivanov, 2006. "Education and Employment Opportunities for the Roma," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 48(1), pages 6-19, March.
  2. Susanne Milcher, 2006. "Poverty and the Determinants of Welfare for Roma and Other Vulnerable Groups in Southeastern Europe," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 48(1), pages 20-35, March.
  3. Kertesi Gabor & Kezdi Gabor, 2008. "Children of the Post-Communist Transition: Age at the Time of the Parents' Job Loss and Dropping Out of Secondary School," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 7(2), pages 1-27, January.
  4. Kertesi, Gábor, 2000. "Ingázás a falusi Magyarországon. Egy megoldatlan probléma
    [Commuting in rural Hungary. An unresolved problem]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(10), pages 775-798.
  5. Jan Svejnar, 2001. "Transition Economies: Performances and Challenges," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 415, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  6. Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Gabor Kertesi & Gabor Kezdi, 2013. "School segregation, school choice and educational policies in 100 Hungarian towns," Budapest Working Papers on the Labour Market 1312, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  2. Gabor Kertesi & Gabor Kezdi, 2014. "On the test score gap between Roma and non-Roma students in Hungary and its potential causes," Budapest Working Papers on the Labour Market 1401, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  3. Claudia Trentini, 2014. "Ethnic patterns of returns to education in Bulgaria," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 22(1), pages 105-137, 01.
  4. M. Kopasz & Z. Fábián & András Gábos & Márton Medgyesi & P. Szivós & István György Tóth, 2013. "GINI Country Report: Growing Inequalities and their Impacts in Hungary," GINI Country Reports hungary, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies.

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