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L'effet des politiques sociales sur l'emploi des nouveaux immigrants à Montréal :une analyse longitudinale et conjoncturelle

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Author Info

  • Nong Zhu

    (INRS-UCS - Université du Québec)

  • Cécile Batisse

    (CERDI - Centre d'études et de recherches sur le developpement international - CNRS : UMR6587 - Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I)

Abstract

La question de l'insertion sur le marché du travail des immigrants est aujourd'hui devenue essentielle. Les dispositifs mis en place au Canada cherchent à favoriser la réarticulation entre immigration, marché du travail, protection sociale, formation et cohésion sociale. Cet article étudie l'insertion des immigrés sur le marché du travail québécois à quatre points de leur parcours : après 1, 2, 3 et 10 ans de séjour. Outre les caractéristiques individuelles, nous portons une attention particulière à l'impact de l'environnement macroéconomique et des politiques sociales de redistribution sur la probabilité de sortie d'un épisode de non-emploi de ces immigrants. Nos résultats montrent que les immigrés forment un groupe hétérogène du point de vue de leurs caractéristiques individuelles et de leur employabilité. Certains restent marginalisés sur le marché du travail. C'est le cas notamment des femmes, des migrants âgés et dans un premier temps des moins qualifiés. L'assurance chômage et les prestations sociales jouent négativement sur la sortie de l'épisode de non-emploi. Le taux de chômage local exerce un effet significativement négatif sur la probabilité d'avoir un emploi et touche essentiellement l'emploi des immigrants peu qualifiés.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00554261.

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Date of creation: 10 Jan 2011
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00554261

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Related research

Keywords: Immigrants; emploi; Politiques sociales; canada;

References

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