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L’effet des politiques sociales sur l’emploi des nouveaux immigrants à Montréal

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  • Nong Zhu
  • Cecile Batisse
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    Abstract

    The issue of integration of immigrants into labor market has currently become essential. Serial arrangements have been put in place in Canada to promote the articulation of immigration, labor market, social security, education and social cohesion. This article mainly explores the factors to determine immigrant’s employment in Montreal. Besides individual characteristics, particular attention is paid to the impact of macroeconomic environment and redistribution policies on the employment probability of immigrants. Results indicate that immigrants actually belong to a heterogeneous group in terms of individual characteristics and employability. Some immigrants remain on the margin of labor market, which is particularly true for female, older, and less qualified migrants. Unemployment insurance benefits are found to have negative influence on the employment probability of immigrants. In addition, the impact of local unemployment rate is significantly negative, especially for low skilled immigrants. La question de l’insertion sur le marché du travail des immigrants est aujourd’hui devenue essentielle. Les dispositifs mis en place au Canada cherchent à favoriser la réarticulation entre immigration, marché du travail, protection sociale, formation et cohésion sociale. Cet article étudie l’insertion des immigrés sur le marché du travail québécois. Outre les caractéristiques individuelles, nous portons une attention particulière à l’impact de l’environnement macroéconomique et des politiques sociales de redistribution sur la probabilité de sortie d’un épisode de non-emploi de ces immigrants. Nos résultats montrent que les immigrés forment un groupe hétérogène du point de vue de leurs caractéristiques individuelles et de leur employabilité. Certains restent marginalisés sur le marché du travail. C’est le cas notamment des femmes, des migrants âgés et dans un premier temps des moins qualifiés. L’assurance chômage et les prestations sociales jouent négativement sur la sortie de l’épisode de non-emploi. Le taux de chômage local exerce un effet significativement négatif sur la probabilité d’avoir un emploi et touche essentiellement l’emploi des immigrants peu qualifiés.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2014s-05.

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    Date of creation: 01 Jan 2014
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    Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2014s-05

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    Postal: 2020 rue University, 25e étage, Montréal, Quéc, H3A 2A5
    Phone: (514) 985-4000
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    Web page: http://www.cirano.qc.ca/
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    Keywords: Immigrants; employment; social policy; unemployment rate; Montreal; Immigrants; emploi; politiques sociales; taux de chômage; Montréal;

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    References

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    1. Laurence Bouvard & Pierre-Philippe Combes & Bruno Decreuse & Morgane Laouenan & Benoît Schmutz & Alain Trannoy, 2008. "Géographie du chômage des personnes d'origine africaine : Une discrimination vis-à-vis des emplois en contact avec la clientèle ?," IDEP Working Papers 0809, Institut d'economie publique (IDEP), Marseille, France, revised 08 Dec 2008.
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