The Role of Race and Birth Place in Welfare Usage among Comparable Women: Evidence from the U.S
AbstractThere is evidence that women are more likely to live in poverty than men. Given the fact that the poor are more likely to use welfare, it becomes useful to consider welfare usage among women. A-priori welfare programs are set up in such a way that welfare usage should be based primarily on economic needs and health concerns. However, it is possible that an individual’s experiences could affect their perception and preferences for using government assistance. In this scenario, differences in welfare usage will exist for individuals with similar characteristics but different experiences. We explore this possibility among women and investigate if race/ethnicity and birthplace still have a role to play in the decision to use welfare even after controlling for income, health and other demographic factors like employment. We find that race does not matter for welfare usage among comparable women. In addition, we do not find any significant differences in welfare usage among women based on birthplace – suggesting that comparable naturalized and native born women share similar preference for welfare. The only exception is women born in U.S territories. Our results suggest that among comparable women, women born in U.S territories seem to be more inclined to welfare usage in comparison to U.S born White women.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5668.
Length: 16 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: The Review of Black Political Economy, 2012, 39 (3), 285-297
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Other versions of this item:
- Ruth Oyelere & Maharouf Oyolola, 2012. "The Role of Race and Birth Place in Welfare Usage among Comparable Women: Evidence from the U.S," The Review of Black Political Economy, Springer, vol. 39(3), pages 285-297, September.
- J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
- J10 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - General
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
- J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy
- I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
- O12 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
- O15 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-05-14 (All new papers)
- NEP-HME-2011-05-14 (Heterodox Microeconomics)
- NEP-MIG-2011-05-14 (Economics of Human Migration)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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"The Impact of Welfare Reform on Marriage and Divorce,"
110, RAND Corporation Publications Department.
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- George J. Borjas & Stephen J. Trejo, 1991.
"Immigrant participation in the welfare system,"
Industrial and Labor Relations Review,
ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 44(2), pages 195-211, January.
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