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The Colour of Money: Earnings Differentials Among Ethnic Groups in Canada

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  • Krishna Pendakur
  • Ravi Pendakur

Abstract

The literature on ethnically based earnings differentials in Canada has focused on differences either between whites and visible minorities or between particular ethnic groups. In this paper, the authors examine both earnings differentials between whites and visible minorities, and earnings differentials within the white and visible-minority groupings. Among both men and women they find substantial earnings differentials both between and within the white and visible-minority groupings. Differentials between whites and visible minorities suggest that the visible-minority category is a useful indicator of economic discrimination. Differentials within these groupings, however, suggest that it is only a rough indicator.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Canadian Economics Association in its journal Canadian Journal of Economics.

Volume (Year): 31 (1998)
Issue (Month): 3 (August)
Pages: 518-548

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Handle: RePEc:cje:issued:v:31:y:1998:i:3:p:518-548

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Nong Zhu & Cécile Batisse, 2011. "L'effet des politiques sociales sur l'emploi des nouveaux immigrants à Montréal :une analyse longitudinale et conjoncturelle," Working Papers halshs-00554261, HAL.
  2. Ross Finnie, 2002. "Minorities, Cognitive Skills and Incomes of Canadians," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 28(2), pages 257-273, June.
  3. Warman, Casey, 2005. "Ethnic Neighbourhoods and Male Immigrant Earnings Growth: 1981 Through 1996," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2005241e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  4. Rupa Banerjee, 2008. "An Examination of Factors Affecting Perception of Workplace Discrimination," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 29(4), pages 380-401, December.
  5. Pivnenko, Sergiy & DeVoretz, Don J., 2003. "The Recent Economic Performance of Ukrainian Immigrants in Canada and the U.S," IZA Discussion Papers 913, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Bernier, Rachel, 1998. "Les dimensions de l'inegalite salariale chez les Autochtones," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 1997109f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  7. Gilles Grenier & Serge Nadeau, 2010. "Why is Immigrants’ Access to Employment lower in Montreal than in Toronto?," Working Papers 1005E, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics.
  8. Warman, Casey, 2005. "Quartiers ethniques et croissance des gains des immigrants de sexe masculin de 1981 a 1996," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2005241f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  9. Sumon Kumar Bhaumik & Manisha Chakrabarty, 2007. "Is Education the Panacea for Economic Deprivation of Muslims? Evidence from Wage Earners in India, 1987-2004," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp858, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  10. Finnie, Ross Meng, Ronald, 2003. "Minorities, Cognitive Skills and the Incomes of Canadians," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2003196e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  11. Krishna Pendakur & Ravi Pendakur, 2007. "Minority Earnings Disparity Across the Distribution," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 33(1), pages 41-62, March.
  12. Danielle Lamb, 2013. "Earnings Inequality Among Aboriginal Groups in Canada," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 34(2), pages 224-240, June.
  13. DeVoretz, Don J. & Laryea, Samuel A., 1999. "Canadian Immigration Experience: Any Lessons for Europe?," IZA Discussion Papers 59, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  14. DeVoretz, Don J. & Pivnenko, Sergiy, 2004. "The Economic Causes and Consequences of Canadian Citizenship," IZA Discussion Papers 1395, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  15. Arnold de Silva, 1999. "Wage Discrimination Against Natives," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 25(1), pages 65-85, March.
  16. Krishna Pendakur & Ravi Pendakur, 2002. "Colour My World: Have Earnings Gaps for Canadian-Born Ethnic Minorities Changed Over Time?," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 28(4), pages 489-511, December.
  17. Bhaumik, Sumon K. & Chakrabarty, Manisha, 2007. "Is Education the Panacea for Economic Deprivation of Muslims? Evidence from Wage Earners in India, 1987–2005," IZA Discussion Papers 3232, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  18. Hou, Feng & Picot, Garnett, 2010. "Preparing for Success in Canada and the United States: the Determinants of Educational Attainment Among the Children of Immigrants," CLSSRN working papers clsrn_admin-2010-13, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 30 Apr 2010.
  19. Derek Hum & Wayne Simpson, 1999. "Wage Opportunities for Visible Minorities in Canada," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 25(3), pages 379-394, September.
  20. Bernier, Rachel, 1998. "The Dimensions of Wage Inequality Among Aboriginal Peoples," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1997109e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  21. Finnie, Ross Meng, Ronald, 2003. "Minorites, capacites cognitives et revenus des Canadiens," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2003196f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  22. Jiri Balcar, 2012. "Supply Side Wage Determinants: Overview of Empirical Literature," Review of Economic Perspectives, Faculty of Economics and Administration, Department of Economics, vol. 12(4), pages 207-222, December.

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