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The Role of Race and Birth Place in Welfare Usage among Comparable Women: Evidence from the U.S

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  • Ruth Oyelere

    ()

  • Maharouf Oyolola

    ()

Abstract

There is evidence that women are more likely to live in poverty than men. Given the fact that the poor are more likely to use welfare, it becomes useful to consider welfare usage among women. A-priori welfare programs are set up in such a way that welfare usage should be based primarily on economic needs and health concerns. However, it is possible that an individual’s experiences could affect their perception and inclination for using government assistance. In this scenario, differences in welfare usage will exist for individuals with similar characteristics but different experiences. We explore this possibility among women and investigate if race/ethnicity and birthplace still have a role to play in the decision to use welfare even after controlling for income, health and other demographic factors like employment and household size, which are typical predictors of welfare usage. We find that race does not matter for welfare usage among comparable women. In addition, we do not find significant differences in welfare usage among women based on birthplace—suggesting that comparable naturalized and native born women share similar inclination for welfare. Copyright Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2012

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s12114-011-9122-2
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal The Review of Black Political Economy.

Volume (Year): 39 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 (September)
Pages: 285-297

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Handle: RePEc:spr:blkpoe:v:39:y:2012:i:3:p:285-297

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Web page: http://www.springer.com/economics/journal/12114
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Related research

Keywords: Welfare usage; Women; Immigrants; Race; Ethnicity; Birth place; Welfare; Immigrant status; J2; J10; J24; J38; I21; O12; O15;

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  1. George J. Borjas & Stephen J. Trejo, 1990. "Immigrant Participation in the Welfare System," NBER Working Papers 3423, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Francine D. Blau, 1984. "The use of transfer payments by immigrants," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 37(2), pages 222-239, January.
  3. Marianne P. Bitler & Jonah B. Gelbach & Hilary W. Hoynes & Madeline Zavodny, 2004. "The Impact of Welfare Reform on Marriage and Divorce," Working Papers 110, RAND Corporation Publications Department.
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