The Influence of Time Windows on the Costs of Urban Freight Distribution Services in City Logistics Applications
AbstractIn freight distribution services a required quality level may have a relevant effect on transportation costs. For this reason an evaluation tool is useful to compare different service settings and support the decision, on the base of quantitative indicators. This paper proposes a method for cost evaluation in this context and presents an application to a case study concerning a freight distribution service, which operates on a wide road network having a city centre, a peripheral urban area and a peri-urban rural zone. A simulation method is proposed to obtain real-life scenarios in order to test the method and its indicators. The performance of each indicator has been evaluated in an experimental context to produce realistic test cases, using a trip planning tool and a demand generator. First, the behaviour of the indicators is analysed with regard to the time windows width planned for the service. Then, their ability in estimating the total transportation cost to satisfy all the requests, under different time period profiles, is shown. The results confirm the ability of the set of indicators to predict with a good approximation the transportation costs and therefore to be used in supporting the service quality planning decisions.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00736428.
Date of creation: Jun 2012
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Publication status: Published, European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, 2012, 12, 3, 256-274
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00736428
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urban freight distribution; compatibility indicators; evaluation method; simulation; real-life applications;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-10-06 (All new papers)
- NEP-CMP-2012-10-06 (Computational Economics)
- NEP-TRE-2012-10-06 (Transport Economics)
- NEP-URE-2012-10-06 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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