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The Implication of Peer and Parental Influences on University Attendance: A Gender Comparison

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Author Info

  • Louis N. Christofides

    ()
    (Universities of Cyprus and Guelph.)

  • Michael Hoy

    ()
    (University of Guelph.)

  • Joniada Milla

    ()
    (University of Guelph.)

  • Thanasis Stengos

    ()
    (University of Guelph.)

Abstract

In this study, we explore the effect of peers and family on University attendance and graduation. We find that parental expectations and peer effects have a significant impact on the educational outcomes which operates through the interconnectedness between grades and aspirations during high school. Apart from this indirect path, parents and peers directly influence educational outcomes. Policy measures that exploit especially the parental influence on the child may be useful to balance the gender gap of University graduates in Canada.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Guelph, Department of Economics and Finance in its series Working Papers with number 1201.

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Length: 20
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:gue:guelph:2012-01.

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Web page: https://www.uoguelph.ca/economics/
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Keywords: University Attendance and Graduation; Peer and Parental Influences.;

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References

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  1. Scott E. Carrell & Richard L. Fullerton & James E. West, 2008. "Does Your Cohort Matter? Measuring Peer Effects in College Achievement," NBER Working Papers 14032, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Victor Lavy & Analia Schlosser, 2011. "Mechanisms and Impacts of Gender Peer Effects at School," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 3(2), pages 1-33, April.
  3. Lee, Lung-fei, 2007. "Identification and estimation of econometric models with group interactions, contextual factors and fixed effects," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 140(2), pages 333-374, October.
  4. Boucher, Vincent & Bramoullé, Yann & Djebbari, Habiba & Fortin, Bernard, 2010. "Do Peers Affect Student Achievement? Evidence from Canada Using Group Size Variation," CLSSRN working papers clsrn_admin-2010-8, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 27 Feb 2010.
  5. Andreas Ammermueller & Jörn-Steffen Pischke, 2009. "Peer Effects in European Primary Schools: Evidence from the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 27(3), pages 315-348, 07.
  6. Eisenkopf, Gerald, 2010. "Peer effects, motivation, and learning," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 364-374, June.
  7. Kelly Foley & Giovanni Gallipoli & David A. Green, 2009. "Ability, parental valuation of education and the high school dropout decision," IFS Working Papers W09/21, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  8. Maria De Paola & Vincenzo Scoppa, 2010. "Peer group effects on the academic performance of Italian students," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(17), pages 2203-2215.
  9. Weili Ding & Steven Lehrer, 2005. "Do Peers Affect Student Achievement in China's Secondary Schools?," Working Papers 1047, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  10. Corak, Miles & Lipps, Garth & Zhao, John, 2004. "Family Income and Participation in Post-Secondary Education," IZA Discussion Papers 977, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  11. Jane Friesen & Brian Krauth, 2010. "Sorting, peers, and achievement of Aboriginal students in British Columbia," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 43(4), pages 1273-1301, November.
  12. D. Johnson, F. Rahman, 2005. "The Role of Economic Factors, Including the Level of Tuition, in Individual University Participation Decisions in Canada," Working Papers eg0044, Wilfrid Laurier University, Department of Economics, revised 2005.
  13. Christofides, Louis N. & Hoy, Michael & Yang, Ling, 2010. "Participation in Canadian Universities: The gender imbalance (1977-2005)," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 400-410, June.
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