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Family Income and Participation in Post-Secondary Education

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Author Info

  • Corak, Miles

    ()
    (University of Ottawa)

  • Lipps, Garth

    ()
    (Statistics Canada)

  • Zhao, John

    ()
    (Statistics Canada)

Abstract

The relationship between family income and post-secondary participation is studied in order to determine the extent to which higher education in Canada has increasingly become the domain of students from well-to-do families. An analysis of two separate data sets suggests that individuals from higher income families are much more likely to attend university, but this has been a long-standing tendency and the participation gap between students from the highest and lowest income families has in fact narrowed. The relationship between family income and post-secondary participation did become stronger during the early to mid 1990s, but weakened thereafter. This pattern reflects the fact that policy changes increasing the maximum amount of a student loan as well as increases in other forms of support occurred only after tuition fees had already started increasing.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 977.

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Length: 60 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2004
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Charles Beach, Robin Boadway and Marvin McInnis (eds.), Higher Education in Canada. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2005
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp977

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Keywords: intergenerational mobility; educational finance; university;

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  1. Angrist, Joshua D & Krueger, Alan B, 1995. "Split-Sample Instrumental Variables Estimates of the Return to Schooling," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 13(2), pages 225-35, April.
  2. Zimmerman, David J, 1992. "Regression toward Mediocrity in Economic Stature," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 82(3), pages 409-29, June.
  3. Joshua Angrist, 1999. "Estimation of Limited-Dependent Variable Models with Dummy Endogenous Regressors: Simple Strategies for Empirical Practice," Working papers, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics 99-31, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  4. Joshua Angrist & Alan Krueger, 1993. "Split Sample Instrumental Variables," Working Papers, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section. 699, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  5. Moffitt, Robert A., 1999. "New developments in econometric methods for labor market analysis," Handbook of Labor Economics, Elsevier, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 24, pages 1367-1397 Elsevier.
  6. Bjorklund, Anders & Jantti, Markus, 1997. "Intergenerational Income Mobility in Sweden Compared to the United States," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 87(5), pages 1009-18, December.
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