Why women are progressive in education?: Gender disparities in human capital, labor markets, and family arrangement in the Philippines
AbstractThis paper shows mutually consistent evidence to support female advantage in education and disadvantage in labor markets observed in the Philippines. We set up a model that shows multiple Nash equilibria to explain schooling and labor market behaviors for females and males. Our evidence from unique sibling data of schooling and work history and from the Philippine Labor Force Survey support that family arrangement to tighten commitment between daughters and parents keeps a high level of schooling investments in daughters. Because wage penalty to females in labor markets means that education is relatively important as a determinant of their earnings, parental investments in their daughtersâ€™ education has larger impacts on the income of their daughters than on their sons. Parents expect larger income shared from better-educated adult daughters. In contrast, males stay in an equilibrium, with low levels of schooling investment and income sharing.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in its series IFPRI discussion papers with number 1155.
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
Gender; Education; Labor market; Family.;
Other versions of this item:
- Yamauchi, Futoshi & Tiongco, Marites, 2013. "Why women are progressive in education? Gender disparities in human capital, labor markets, and family arrangement in the Philippines," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 196-206.
- I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
- I25 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Economic Development
- J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
- J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-05-02 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEM-2012-05-02 (Demographic Economics)
- NEP-DEV-2012-05-02 (Development)
- NEP-EDU-2012-05-02 (Education)
- NEP-LTV-2012-05-02 (Unemployment, Inequality & Poverty)
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