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The fragility of short-term secured funding markets

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  • Antoine Martin
  • David Skeie
  • Ernst-Ludwig von Thadden

Abstract

This paper develops a model of financial institutions that borrow short term and invest in long-term assets that can be traded in frictionless markets. Because these financial intermediaries perform maturity transformation, they are subject to potential runs. We derive distinct liquidity, collateral, and asset liquidation constraints, which determine whether a run can occur as a result of changing market expectations. We show that the extent to which borrowers can ward off an individual run depends on whether it has sufficient liquidity, collateral, and asset liquidation capacity. These determinants are endogenous and depend on the borrower's balance sheet, in terms of asset market exposure and leverage, and on fundamentals, such as productivity and size. Moreover, systemic runs are possible if shocks to the valuation of collateral held by outside investors are sufficiently strong and uniform, and if the system as a whole is exposed to high short-term funding risk.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of New York in its series Staff Reports with number 630.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:fip:fednsr:630

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Keywords: Investment banking ; Repurchase agreements ; Financial crises ; Systemic risk;

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Cited by:
  1. Allen, Franklin & Vayanos, Dimitri & Vives, Xavier, 2014. "Introduction to financial economics," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 149(C), pages 1-14.
  2. Brian Begalle & Antoine Martin & James McAndrews & Susan McLaughlin, 2013. "The risk of fire sales in the tri-party repo market," Staff Reports 616, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

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