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Reforma Laboral 2010: Una primera evaluación y propuestas de mejora

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  • José Ignacio Conde Ruiz
  • Florentino Felgueroso
  • Jose Ignacio García Pérez

Abstract

El objetivo de este artículo es doble. En primer lugar, se trata de realizar una primera evaluación de la última reforma laboral aprobada. En segundo lugar, se presentan propuestas de mejora que podrían desarrollarse a partir de enero de 2012, fecha prevista para la implantación en España del denominado “modelo austriaco”. En concreto, llegamos a la conclusión de que esta reforma, por continuista, tampoco conseguirá reducir sustancialmente la excesiva tasa de rotación laboral originada por nuestra legislación laboral. Después de 25 años y varios intentos fallidos, convendría aprovechar la segunda fase de esta reforma para poner en marcha un nuevo sistema contractual que combine un único contrato (con indemnizaciones crecientes con la antigüedad) para todas las nuevas relaciones laborales y un fondo de capitalización a la austriaca. Este nuevo marco resultaría más eficaz que el resultante de esta primera fase de la reforma para hacer frente a la persistente segmentación de nuestro mercado de trabajo, y, por otra parte, aunque no sea el óptimo, si que debería ser factible desde la perspectiva de la política económica.

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Paper provided by FEDEA in its series Economic Reports with number 01-2011.

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Date of creation: Jan 2011
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Handle: RePEc:fda:fdacee:01-2011

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  1. Samuel Bentolila & Pierre Cahuc & Juan J. Dolado & Thomas Le Barbanchon, 2010. "Two-Tier Labor Markets In The Great Recession: France Vs. Spain," Working Papers, CEMFI wp2010_1009, CEMFI.
  2. Helmut Hofer, 2007. "The Severance Pay Reform in Austria ("Abfertigung neu")," CESifo DICE Report, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 5(4), pages 41-48, 06.
  3. Ichino, Andrea & Polo, Michele & Rettore, Enrico, 2003. "Are judges biased by labor market conditions?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 47(5), pages 913-944, October.
  4. Sara Rica & Amaia Iza, 2005. "Career Planning in Spain: Do Fixed-term Contracts Delay Marriage and Parenthood?," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, Springer, vol. 3(1), pages 49-73, November.
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  6. Jose Emilio Bosca & Javier Ferri & Javier Andres & Rafael Domenech, 2010. "Job creation in Spain: Productivity, growth, labour market reforms or both," Working Papers, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department 1013, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
  7. José Ignacio Conde Ruiz & Florentino Felgueroso & Jose Ignacio García Pérez, 2010. "Las reformas laborales en España: un modelo agotado," Economic Reports, FEDEA 11-2010, FEDEA.
  8. Dolado, Juan J. & Stucchi, Rodolfo, 2008. "Do Temporary Contracts Affect TFP? Evidence from Spanish Manufacturing Firms," IZA Discussion Papers 3832, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Cristina Barceló & Ernesto Villanueva, 2010. "The response of household wealth to the risk of losing the job: evidence from differences in firing costs," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers, Banco de Espa�a 1002, Banco de Espa�a.
  10. Mortensen, Dale T & Pissarides, Christopher A, 1994. "Job Creation and Job Destruction in the Theory of Unemployment," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(3), pages 397-415, July.
  11. Bertola, Giuseppe, 1990. "Job security, employment and wages," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 851-879, June.
  12. Yolanda Rebollo Sanz & J. Ignacio García-Pérez, 2009. "Do wage subsidies affect the subsequent employment stability of permanent workers?: the case of Spain," Working Papers, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics 09.18, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics.
  13. Reinhard Koman & Ulrich Schuh & Andrea Weber, 2005. "The Austrian Severance Pay Reform: Toward a Funded Pension Pillar," Empirica, Springer, Springer, vol. 32(3), pages 255-274, 09.
  14. Bentolila, Samuel & Bertola, Giuseppe, 1990. "Firing Costs and Labour Demand: How Bad Is Eurosclerosis?," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(3), pages 381-402, July.
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  1. Negociación colectiva: hay que acabar con el bloqueo institucional, pero ¿cómo?
    by Luis Garicano in Nada Es Gratis on 2011-06-03 22:02:52
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Cited by:
  1. Andrea ÉLTETÕ, 2011. "The economic crisis and its management in Spain," Eastern Journal of European Studies, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 2, pages 41-55, June.
  2. Bentolila, Samuel & Dolado, Juan J. & Jimeno, Juan F., 2011. "Reforming an Insider-Outsider Labor Market: The Spanish Experience," IZA Discussion Papers 6186, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Conde Ruiz, José Ignacio. & Felgueroso, Florentino. & García Pérez, Jose Ignacio., 2011. "El fondo de capitalización a la austriaca: costes y beneficios de su implantación en España," Economic Reports, FEDEA 06-2011, FEDEA.

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