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Do wage subsidies affect the subsequent employment stability of permanent workers?: the case of Spain

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  • Yolanda Rebollo Sanz

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Universidad Pablo de Olavide)

  • J. Ignacio García-Pérez

    ()
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, FEDEA & FCEA)

Abstract

This article studies how job creation subsidies designed for several Spanish regional governments to foster the creation of new permanent contracts during the period 1997-2004 might affect the subsequent employment stability of the eligible workers. We use a triple difference approach that focuses on regional and temporal variability in individual eligibility conditions of these subsidies to obtain the causal effect of the policy. Our data comes from the Muestra Continua de Vidas Laborales (MCVL) and from a database that contains information on the policy analyzed. Our main result is that workers who are eligible for these subsidies face a higher probability of exiting from their current permanent contract than those who do not. These effects vary by age and gender, as well as by contract duration and contract type. This result is particularly relevant for male workers whose contracts also benefited with nationally subsidized payroll deductions and for women with such deductions but only during their first year of employment. During that initial first-year period, the exit rate among eligible workers in our sample increased by 9%, 21% and 16% for younger, middle-aged and older female workers, respectively, and by about 13% and 25% for younger and older male workers, respectively.

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File URL: http://www.upo.es/serv/bib/wps/econ0918.pdf
File Function: First version, 2009
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 09.18.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pab:wpaper:09.18

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Related research

Keywords: labour market rotation; permanent contracts; wage subsidies; triple difference; causal inference; average treatment effects; duration model.;

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References

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  1. Maia Güell & Barbara Petrongolo, 2003. "How binding are legal limits? Transitions from temporary to permanent work in Spain," Economics Working Papers 682, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Jul 2005.
  2. F. Alfonso Arellano, 2005. "Evaluating The Effects Of Labour Market Reforms “At The Margin” On Unemployment And Employment Stability: The Spanish Case," Economics Working Papers we051205, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
  3. Mortensen, Dale T & Pissarides, Christopher, 2001. "Taxes, Subsidies and Equilibrium Labour Market Outcomes," CEPR Discussion Papers 2989, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. J. Ignacio García-Pérez & Yolanda F. Rebollo Sanz, 2009. "The use of permanent contracts across Spanish regions: Do regional wage subsidies work?," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 33(1), pages 97-130, January.
  5. Kugler, Adriana & Jimeno, Juan F. & Hernanz, Virginia, 2002. "Employment Consequences of Restrictive Permanent Contracts: Evidence from Spanish Labor Market Reforms," IZA Discussion Papers 657, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Meyer, Bruce D, 1995. "Natural and Quasi-experiments in Economics," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 13(2), pages 151-61, April.
  7. Martin, John P. & Grubb, David, 2001. "What works and for whom: a review of OECD countries' experiences with active labour market policies," Working Paper Series 2001:14, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
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Cited by:
  1. José Ignacio Conde Ruiz & Florentino Felgueroso & Jose Ignacio García Pérez, 2010. "Las reformas laborales en España: un modelo agotado," Economic Reports 11-2010, FEDEA.
  2. Inmaculada Garcia & Colin Green & Maria Navarro Paniagua, 2012. "New Estimates of the Effect of Temporary Employment on Absenteeism," Working Papers 24151321, Lancaster University Management School, Economics Department.
  3. Samuel Bentolila & Pierre Cahuc & Juan J. Dolado & Thomas Le Barbanchon, 2010. "Two-Tier Labor Markets In The Great Recession: France Vs. Spain," Working Papers wp2010_1009, CEMFI.
  4. José Ignacio Conde Ruiz & Florentino Felgueroso & Jose Ignacio García Pérez, 2011. "Reforma Laboral 2010: Una primera evaluación y propuestas de mejora," Economic Reports 01-2011, FEDEA.
  5. Olga Kuzmina, 2013. "Operating Flexibility and Capital Structure: Evidence from a Natural Experiment," Working Papers w0197, Center for Economic and Financial Research (CEFIR).
  6. Samuel Bentolila & Pierre Cahuc & Juan José Dolado & Thomas Le Barbanchon, ., 2010. "Unemployment and Temporary Jobs in the Crisis: Comparing France and Spain," Working Papers 2010-07, FEDEA.

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