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Las reformas laborales en España: un modelo agotado

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  • José Ignacio Conde Ruiz
  • Florentino Felgueroso
  • Jose Ignacio García Pérez

Abstract

El objetivo de este artículo es analizar en qué medida las últimas reformas laborales implementadas en España han conseguido reducir la dualidad laboral entre trabajadores con contratos indefinidos y temporales. Nuestro análisis se centra en especial en las políticas de fomento de la contratación indefinida y en la reforma del año 2006. Llegamos a la conclusión de que el impacto de esta reforma, aún siendo mayor que el conseguido en reformas anteriores, ha resultado ser muy limitado, con una elevada intensidad en el momento de aplicación de la reforma y un rápido agotamiento en un corto período de tiempo. Consideramos que ésta es la prueba adicional de que el actual marco de relaciones laborales español está en buen parte agotado. El actual proceso de reforma laboral, el sexto de nuestra democracia, no debería centrarse en soluciones parciales o en el margen que no sólo se han mostrado ineficaces en el pasado, sino también han sido especialmente costosas. Corregir las disfuncionalidades de nuestro mercado de trabajo requiere que se desarrolle una reforma laboral de carácter estructural e integral que erradique definitivamente la dualidad laboral legal (y la única vía para esto es la del contrato único). Adicionalmente, se deben abordar cambios sustanciales en el funcionamiento de la negociación colectiva, en el diseño de las prestaciones por desempleo y las políticas activas del mercado de trabajo.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by FEDEA in its series Economic Reports with number 11-2010.

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Date of creation: Aug 2010
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Handle: RePEc:fda:fdacee:11-2010

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References

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  1. Martin, John P. & Grubb, David, 2001. "What works and for whom: a review of OECD countries' experiences with active labour market policies," Working Paper Series 2001:14, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  2. Hernanz, Virginia & Jimeno, Juan Francisco & Kugler, Adriana D., 2003. "Employment Consequences of Restrictive Permanent Contracts: Evidence from Spanish Labour Market Reforms," CEPR Discussion Papers 3724, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Giuseppe BERTOLA & Tito BOERI & Sandrine CAZES, 2000. "Employment protection in industrialized countries: The case for new indicators," International Labour Review, International Labour Organization, vol. 139(1), pages 57-72, 03.
  4. Michele Boldrin & José Ignacio Conde-Ruiz & Javier Díaz Giménez, 2010. "Eppur si Muove! Spain: Growing without a Model," Working Papers 2010-12, FEDEA.
  5. Yolanda Rebollo Sanz & J. Ignacio García-Pérez, 2009. "Do wage subsidies affect the subsequent employment stability of permanent workers?: the case of Spain," Working Papers 09.18, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics.
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Cited by:
  1. Conde Ruiz, José Ignacio. & Felgueroso, Florentino. & García Pérez, Jose Ignacio., 2011. "El fondo de capitalización a la austriaca: costes y beneficios de su implantación en España," Economic Reports 06-2011, FEDEA.
  2. Andrea ÉLTETÕ, 2011. "The economic crisis and its management in Spain," Eastern Journal of European Studies, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 2, pages 41-55, June.
  3. José Ignacio Conde Ruiz & Florentino Felgueroso & Jose Ignacio García Pérez, 2011. "Reforma Laboral 2010: Una primera evaluación y propuestas de mejora," Economic Reports 01-2011, FEDEA.

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