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Towards a Theory of Trade Finance

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  • Tim Schmidt-Eisenlohr

Abstract

Cross border transactions are conducted using diffierent payment contracts, the usage of which varies across countries and over time. In this paper I build a model that can explain this observation and study implications from this for international trade. In the model exporters optimally choose payment contracts, trading off differences in enforcement and efficiency between financial markets in different countries. I find that the ability of firms to switch contracts is central to the reaction of trade to variations in financial conditions. Numerical experiments with a two-country version of the model suggest that limiting the choice between payment contracts reduces traded quantities by up to 60 percent.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European University Institute in its series Economics Working Papers with number ECO2009/43.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:eui:euiwps:eco2009/43

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Keywords: trade finance; payment contracts; trade patterns; financial crisis;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Nicolas Berman & José de Sousa & Philippe Martin & Thierry Mayer, 2012. "Time to Ship during Financial Crises," NBER Chapters, in: NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics 2012, pages 225-260 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Bricongne, Jean-Charles & Fontagné, Lionel & Gaulier, Guillaume & Taglioni, Daria & Vicard, Vincent, 2010. "Firms and the global crisis: French exports in the turmoil," Working Paper Series 1245, European Central Bank.
  3. Tim Schmidt-Eisenlohr, 2009. "Towards a Theory of Trade Finance," Economics Working Papers ECO2009/43, European University Institute.
  4. Koen van der Veer, 2010. "The Private Credit Insurance Effect on Trade," DNB Working Papers 264, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
  5. Rudolfs Bems & Robert C. Johnson & Kei-Mu Yi, 2012. "The Great Trade Collapse," NBER Working Papers 18632, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Tibor Besedeš & Byung–Cheol Kim & Volodymyr Lugovskyy, 2011. "Export Growth and Credit Constraints," CeFiG Working Papers 16, Center for Firms in the Global Economy, revised 16 Oct 2011.
  7. Antràs, Pol & Foley, C. Fritz, 2011. "Poultry in Motion: A Study of International Trade Finance Practices," CEPR Discussion Papers 8422, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Nicolas Berman & Philippe Martin, 2012. "The Vulnerability of Sub-Saharan Africa to Financial Crises: The Case of Trade," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 60(3), pages 329-364, September.

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