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Wage Earners, Self Employed and Gender in the Informal Sector in Turkey

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  • Aysit Tansel

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Middle East Technical University)

Abstract

This study considers covered and uncovered wage earners and the self-employed. The analysis is carried out for men and women workers separately. The 1994 Turkish Household Expenditure Survey is used first to examine how individuals are selected into the covered and uncovered wage earner, and the self-employed categories. Next, selectivity corrected wage equations are estimated to examine wage determination in these sectors. Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition of sector of work and male-female wage differentials are carried out. When controlled for the observed characteristics and sample selection, for men, covered wage earners earn more than the uncovered wage earners and the self-employed. For the covered wage earners, men?s expected wages are about twice higher than women?s wages. For the uncovered wage earners, men?s wages are near parity with women?s. These results suggest segmentation for men along the formal and informal lines and substantial discrimination against women in the covered private sector.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Economic Research Forum in its series Working Papers with number 0102.

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Length: 18 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2001
Date of revision: Jan 2001
Publication status: Published by The Economic Research Forum (ERF)
Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:0102

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Cited by:
  1. Arda Aktas & Gokce Uysal, 2011. "Explaining the Gender Wage Gap in Turkey Using the Wage Structure Survey," Working Papers 005, Bahcesehir University, Betam, revised Mar 2012.
  2. Akar, Gizem & Balkan, Binnur & Tumen, Semih, 2014. "Overview of Firm-Size and Gender Pay Gaps in Turkey: The Role of Informal Employment," MPRA Paper 53835, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Gema Álvarez & Carlos Gradín & Mª Soledad Otero, 2013. "Self-Employment: Transition And Earnings Differential," Revista de Economia Aplicada, Universidad de Zaragoza, Departamento de Estructura Economica y Economia Publica, vol. 21(2), pages 61-90, Autumn.
  4. Nancy Aireth DAZA BAEZ & Luis Fernando GAMBOA, 2013. "An approximation to the Informal-formal wage gap in Colombia 2008-2012," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 011196, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
  5. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00188745 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Tansel, Aysit & Kan, Elif Oznur, 2012. "Labor Mobility across the Formal/Informal Divide in Turkey: Evidence from Individual Level Data," IZA Discussion Papers 6271, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Meltem Ince, 2009. "A Socio-Economic Perspective on Women Entrepreneurs: Evidence from Turkey," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 4, pages 138-166.
  8. Tansel, Aysit & Kan, Elif Oznur, 2012. "The Formal/Informal Employment Earnings Gap: Evidence from Turkey," IZA Discussion Papers 6556, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Gema Álvarez & Carlos Gradín & M. Soledad Otero, 2009. "Self-employment in Spain: Transition and earnings differential," Working Papers 0907, Universidade de Vigo, Departamento de Economía Aplicada.
  10. Lechmann, Daniel S. J. & Schnabel, Claus, 2012. "What Explains the Gender Earnings Gap in Self-Employment? A Decomposition Analysis with German Data," IZA Discussion Papers 6435, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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