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Inventories and Optimal Monetary Policy

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  • Thomas A. Lubik

    ()

  • Wing Leong Teo

    ()

Abstract

We introduce inventories into a standard New Keynesian Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium (DSGE) model to study the effect on the design of optimal monetary policy. The possibility of inventory investment changes the transmission mechanism in the model by decoupling production from final consumption. This allows for a higher degree of consumption smoothing since firms can add excess production to their inventory holdings. We consider both Ramsey optimal monetary policy and a monetary policy that maximizes consumer welfare over a set of simple interest rate feedback rules. We find that in contrast to a model without inventories, Ramsey-optimal monetary policy in a model with inventories deviates from complete inflation stabilization. In the standard model, nominal price rigidity is a deadweight loss on the economy, which an optimizing policymaker attempts to remove. With inventories, a planner can reduce consumption volatility and raise welfare by accumulating inventories and letting prices change as an equilibrating mechanism. We find also find that the application of simple rules comes very close to replicating Ramsey optimal outcomes.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University in its series CAMA Working Papers with number 2010-07.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:een:camaaa:2010-07

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  1. David Lopez-Salido & Andrew T. Levin, 2004. "Optimal Monetary Policy with Endogenous Capital Accumulation," 2004 Meeting Papers 826, Society for Economic Dynamics.
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  21. Thomas A Lubik & Wing Teong Teo, . "Inventories, Inflation Dynamics and the New Keynesian Phillips Curve," Discussion Papers 10/02, University of Nottingham, Centre for Finance, Credit and Macroeconomics (CFCM).
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Cited by:
  1. Thomas A Lubik & Wing Teong Teo, . "Inventories, Inflation Dynamics and the New Keynesian Phillips Curve," Discussion Papers 10/02, University of Nottingham, Centre for Finance, Credit and Macroeconomics (CFCM).
  2. repec:mar:magkse:201123 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Teo, Wing Leong, 2011. "Inventories and optimal monetary policy in a small open economy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(8), pages 1719-1748.
  4. Marcel Förster, 2013. "The Great Moderation: Inventories, Shocks or Monetary Policy?," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201348, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).

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