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Downward wage rigidity and optimal steady-state inflation

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  • Fagan, Gabriel
  • Messina, Julián

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of downward wage rigidity (nominal and real) on optimal steady-state inflation. For this purpose, we extend the workhorse model of Erceg, Henderson and Levin (2000) by introducing asymmetric menu costs for wage setting. We estimate the key parameters by simulated method of moments, matching key features of the cross-sectional distribution of individual wage changes observed in the data. We look at five countries (the US, Germany, Portugal, Belgium and Finland). The calibrated heterogeneous agent models are then solved for different steady state rates of inflation to derive welfare implications. We find that, across the European countries considered, the optimal steady-state rate of inflation varies between zero and 2%. For the US, the results depend on the dataset used, with estimates of optimal inflation varying between 2% and 5%. JEL Classification: E31, E52, J4

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Central Bank in its series Working Paper Series with number 1048.

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Date of creation: Apr 2009
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Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20091048

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Keywords: downward wage rigidity; DSGE Models; optimal inflation;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Pierpaolo Benigno & Luca Antonio Ricci, 2010. "The Inflation-Output Trade-off with Downward Wage Rigidities," NBER Working Papers 15762, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Benigno, Pierpaolo & Ricci, Luca Antonio & Surico, Paolo, 2010. "Unemployment and Productivity in the Long Run: the Role of Macroeconomic Volatility," CEPR Discussion Papers 8014, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Luca Antonio Ricci & Pierpaolo Benigno, 2009. "The Inflation-Unemployment Trade-Off At Low Inflation," IMF Working Papers 09/34, International Monetary Fund.
  4. Stefan Reitz & Ulf. D. Slopek, 2012. "Fixing the Phillips Curve: The Case of Downward Nominal Wage Rigidity in the US," Kiel Working Papers 1795, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  5. Ahrens, Steffen & Snower, Dennis J., 2012. "Envy, Guilt, and the Phillips Curve," CEPR Discussion Papers 8796, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Frank R. Smets, 2010. "Commetary: modeling inflation after the crisis," Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, pages 221-234.

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