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The Inflation-Unemployment Trade-Off at Low Inflation

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  • Pierpaolo Benigno
  • Luca Antonio Ricci

Abstract

Wage setters take into account the future consequences of their current wage choices in the presence of downward nominal wage rigidities. Several interesting implications arise. First, a closed-form solution for a long-run Phillips curve relates average unemployment to average wage inflation; the curve is virtually vertical for high inflation rates but becomes flatter as inflation declines. Second, macroeconomic volatility shifts the Phillips curve outward, implying that stabilization policies can play an important role in shaping the trade-off. Third, nominal wages tend to be endogenously rigid also upward, at low inflation. Fourth, when inflation decreases, volatility of unemployment increases whereas the volatility of inflation decreases: this implies a long-run trade-off also between the volatility of unemployment and that of wage inflation.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 13986.

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Date of creation: May 2008
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Publication status: published as “The Inflation - Output Trade - Off with Downward Wage Rigidities,” The American Economic Review , V ol. 101, No. 4, pp. 1436 - 14 66, (2011) .
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:13986

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Cited by:
  1. KIM, Jinill & RUGE-MURCIA, Francisco J., 2007. "How Much Inflation is Necessary to Grease the Wheels?," Cahiers de recherche 11-2007, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
  2. Etienne Farvaque & Alexander Mihailov, 2008. "Intergenerational Transmission of Inflation Aversion: Theory and Evidence," Economics & Management Discussion Papers em-dp2008-71, Henley Business School, Reading University.
  3. Juan David Prada Sarmiento & Luis Eduardo Rojas Dueñas Author- Email: lrojasdu@banrep.gov.co, . "La elasticidad de Frisch y la transmisión de la política monetaria en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 555, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  4. Di Bartolomeo Giovanni & Tirelli Patrizio & Acocella Nicola, 2011. "Inflation targets and endogenous wage markups in a New Keynesian model," wp.comunite 0079, Department of Communication, University of Teramo.
  5. Di Bartolomeo Giovanni & Tirelli Patrizio & Acocella Nicola, 2010. "Trend inflation, endogenous mark-ups and the non-vertical Phillips curve," wp.comunite 0065, Department of Communication, University of Teramo.
  6. Pierpaolo Benigno & Luca Antonio Ricci, 2010. "The Inflation-Output Trade-off with Downward Wage Rigidities," EIEF Working Papers Series 1020, Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF), revised Apr 2010.
  7. KIM, Jinill & RUGE-MURCIA, Francisco J., 2009. "Monetary Policy When Wages Are Downwardly Rigid: Friedman Meets Tobin," Cahiers de recherche 2009-14, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
  8. Fagan, Gabriel & Messina, Julián, 2009. "Downward wage rigidity and optimal steady-state inflation," Working Paper Series 1048, European Central Bank.
  9. Di Bartolomeo Giovanni & Tirelli Patrizio & Acocella Nicola, 2011. "Trend inflation, the labor market wedge, and the non-vertical Phillips curve," wp.comunite 0081, Department of Communication, University of Teramo.

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