The American Frontier: Technology versus Immigration
AbstractWhat drove western population growth in the U.S. during the 19th century? The facts are: (i) Natural increase was higher in the West than in the East; and (ii) in the early stages of the settlement process, net migration could account for up to 80% of population growth in some regions. A general equilibrium model is proposed, with three ingredients: endogenous fertility, investment in land, and migration. The relative abundance of land in the West promotes higher fertility. The model is simulated. It accounts well for the time-series decomposition of population growth between migration and fertility.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Economie d'Avant Garde in its series Economie d'Avant Garde Research Reports with number 7.
Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2004
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Population growth; migration; fertility; westward expansion;
Other versions of this item:
- Guillaume Vandenbroucke, 2008. "The American Frontier: Technology versus Immigration," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 11(2), pages 283-301, April.
- E1 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models
- J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
- O1 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
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