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Estimating the Probability of Trade Union Membership in India - Impact of Communist Parties, Personal Attributes and Industrial Characteristics

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  • Rupayan Pal

    (Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research)

Abstract

The paper analyses the impact of the reach of communist parties, the degree of political activism, personal attributes of workers, and industrial characteristics on the individual decision to unionise for Indian non-agricultural regular workers using micro data from the 2004-05 Employment and Unemployment Survey, NSSO, linked to state-level factors. A notable result is that the reach of communist parties has considerable effect on unionisation probability. Moreover, it seems that mere existence of communist parties in a state also facilitates unionisation to some extent. State-level political activism and unemployment rate also influence the individual decision to be unionist. The paper concludes also that workers gender, marital status, ethnic background, employment status, experience, occupation, sector of employment, establishment size, and type of industry remain important in the determination of union membership.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by East Asian Bureau of Economic Research in its series Labor Economics Working Papers with number 22366.

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Date of creation: Jan 2008
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Handle: RePEc:eab:laborw:22366

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Keywords: Communist Party; Decision; Probability; State; Trade Union;

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References

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  1. John M. Abowd & Henry S. Farber, 1982. "Job queues and the union status of workers," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 35(3), pages 354-367, April.
  2. Bulkley, G. & Myles, G.D., 2000. "Individually-Relational Union Membership," Discussion Papers, Exeter University, Department of Economics 0008, Exeter University, Department of Economics.
  3. Timothy Besley & Robin Burgess, 2002. "The Political Economy Of Government Responsiveness: Theory And Evidence From India," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 117(4), pages 1415-1451, November.
  4. Georgios Marios Chrysanthou, 2007. "Determinants of Trade Union Membership in Great Britain During 1991-2003," Discussion Papers, Department of Economics, University of York 07/01, Department of Economics, University of York.
  5. Booth, Alison L, 1985. "The Free Rider Problem and a Social Custom Model of Trade Union Membership," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 100(1), pages 253-61, February.
  6. Moreton, David R., 1998. "An open shop trade union model of wages, effort and membership," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 511-527, August.
  7. Naylor, Robin, 1989. "Strikes, Free Riders, and Social Customs," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 104(4), pages 771-85, November.
  8. Alex Bryson & Rafael Gomez, 2003. "Why Have Workers Stopped Joining Unions?," CEP Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE dp0589, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  9. Charles Brown & James L. Medoff, 1989. "The Employer Size-Wage Effect," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 2870, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Alex Bryson & Rafael Gomez, 2005. "Why Have Workers Stopped Joining Unions? The Rise in Never-Membership in Britain," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, London School of Economics, vol. 43(1), pages 67-92, 03.
  11. Green, Francis, 1990. "Trade Union Availability and Trade Union Membership in Britain," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, University of Manchester, vol. 58(4), pages 378-94, December.
  12. Wiji Arulampalam & Alison L. Booth, 2000. "Union status of young men in Britain: a decade of change," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(3), pages 289-310.
  13. Axel Dreher & Noel Gaston, 2005. "Has globalisation really had no effect on unions?," KOF Working papers, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich 05-110, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
  14. Booth, Alison, 1986. "Estimating the Probability of Trade Union Membership: A Study of Men and Women in Britain," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 53(29), pages 41-61, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Kaushik, Arun & Rupayan Pal, 2012. "Political strongholds and budget allocation for developmental expenditure: Evidence from Indian states, 1971-2005," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India 2012-015, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
  2. Wolf-Heimo Grieben & Fuat Sener, 2012. "North-South Trade, Unemployment and Growth: What’s the Role of Labor Unions?," Working Paper Series of the Department of Economics, University of Konstanz, Department of Economics, University of Konstanz 2012-06, Department of Economics, University of Konstanz.

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