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Comparing the Early Research Performance of PhD Graduates in Labor Economics in Europe and the USA

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  • Ana Rute Cardoso
  • Paulo Guimarães
  • Klaus F. Zimmermann

Abstract

This paper analyzes the early research performance of PhD graduates in labor economics, addressing the following questions: Are there major productivity differences between graduates from American and European institutions? If so, how relevant is the quality of the training received (i.e. ranking of institution and supervisor) and the research environment in the subsequent job placement institution? The population under study consists of labor economics PhD graduates who received their degree in the years 2000 to 2005 in Europe or the USA. Research productivity is evaluated alternatively as the number of publications or the quality-adjusted number of publications of an individual. When restricting the analysis to the number of publications, results suggest a higher productivity by graduates from European universities than from USA universities, but this difference vanishes when accounting for the quality of the publication. The results also indicate that graduates placed at American institutions, in particular top ones, are likely to publish more quality-adjusted articles than their European counterparts. This may be because, when hired, they already have several good acceptances or because of more focused research efforts and clearer career incentives.

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File URL: http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.93453.de/dp850.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its series Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin with number 850.

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Length: 29 p.
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp850

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Keywords: graduate programs; research productivity;

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  1. Rabah, AMIR & Malgorzata, KNAUFF, 2005. "Ranking economics departments worldwide on the basis of PhD placement," Discussion Papers (ECON - Département des Sciences Economiques), Université catholique de Louvain, Département des Sciences Economiques 2005041, Université catholique de Louvain, Département des Sciences Economiques.
  2. Martin G. Kocher & Mikulas Luptacik & Matthias Sutter, 2001. "Measuring Productivity of Research in Economics. A Cross-Country Study Using DEA," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp077, Vienna University of Economics, Department of Economics.
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  4. DREZE, Jacques H; & ESTEVAN, Fernanda, . "Research and higher education in economics: can we deliver the Lisbon objectives," CORE Discussion Papers RP, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) -1941, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  5. Tom Coupé, 2003. "Revealed Performances: Worldwide Rankings of Economists and Economics Departments, 1990-2000," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 1(6), pages 1309-1345, December.
  6. Christiana Hilmer & Michael Hilmer, 2007. "Women Helping Women, Men Helping Women? Same-Gender Mentoring, Initial Job Placements, and Early Career Publishing Success for Economics PhDs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 97(2), pages 422-426, May.
  7. Wayne A. Grove & Stephen Wu, 2007. "The Search for Economics Talent: Doctoral Completion and Research Productivity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 97(2), pages 506-511, May.
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  10. Ronald G. Ehrenberg & Panagiotis G. Mavros, 1995. "Do Doctoral Students' Financial Support Patterns Affect Their Times-To-Degree and Completion Probabilities?," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 30(3), pages 581-609.
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  12. Laband, David N & Piette, Michael J, 1994. "The Relative Impacts of Economics Journals: 1970-1990," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 32(2), pages 640-66, June.
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  16. Bruno S. Frey & Reiner Eichenberger, 1993. "American and European Economics and Economists," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 7(4), pages 185-193, Fall.
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Citations

Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Performance of labour PhDs
    by Richard Tol in The Irish Economy on 2010-08-30 08:25:46
  2. Early Research Performance of PhD Graduates in Labour Economics (EU and US)
    by Liam Delaney in Geary Behaviour Centre on 2010-08-30 20:04:00
Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
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Cited by:
  1. Daniel S. Hamermesh & Gerard A. Pfann, 2009. "Markets for Reputation: Evidence on Quality and Quantity in Academe," NBER Working Papers 15527, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Oswald, Andrew J., 2009. "World-Leading Research and its Measurement," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS), University of Warwick, Department of Economics 887, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  3. Leks Borgans & Frank Corvers (Transl. by: E. Pokatovich ), 2010. "The americanization of European higher education and research," Educational Studies, Higher School of Economics, Higher School of Economics, issue 2, pages 5-43.
  4. Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2011. "Evidenzbasierte Politikberatung," IZA Standpunkte, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) 38, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Ketzler, Rolf & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2012. "A Citation-Analysis of Economic Research Institutes," IZA Discussion Papers 6780, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Oswald, Andrew J., 2009. "A Suggested Method for the Measurement of World-Leading Research (Illustrated with Data on Economics)," IZA Discussion Papers 4313, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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