Decision-making Procedures: A General Theory and Its Field Experimental Test
AbstractIt is a persistent finding in psychology and experimental economics that people's behavior is not only shaped by outcomes but also by decision-making procedures. In this paper we develop a general framework capable of modelling these procedural concerns. Within the context of psychological games we define procedures as mechanisms that influence the probabilities of reaching different endnodes. We show that for such procedural games a sequential psychological equilibrium always exists. Applying this approach within a principal-agent context we show that the way less attractive jobs are allocated is crucial for the effort exerted by agents. This prediction is tested in a field experiment, where some subjects had to type in data, whereas others had to verify the data inserted by the typists. The controllers' wage was 50% higher than that of the typists. In one treatment the less attractive typists' jobs were allocated directly, whereas in the other treatment the allocation was done randomly. As predicted, random allocation led to higher effort levels of the typists than direct appointment.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 7365.
Date of creation: Jul 2009
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- A13 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Social Values
- C70 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - General
- C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
- D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-07-17 (All new papers)
- NEP-EXP-2009-07-17 (Experimental Economics)
- NEP-GTH-2009-07-17 (Game Theory)
- NEP-HPE-2009-07-17 (History & Philosophy of Economics)
- NEP-MIC-2009-07-17 (Microeconomics)
- NEP-NEU-2009-07-17 (Neuroeconomics)
- NEP-UPT-2009-07-17 (Utility Models & Prospect Theory)
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