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Urban Growth and Transportation

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  • Duranton, Gilles
  • Turner, Matthew A

Abstract

We estimate the effects of major roads and public transit on the growth of major cities in the US between 1980 and 2000. We find that a 10% increase in a city’s stock of roads causes about a 2% increase in its population and employment and a small decrease in its share of poor households over this 20 year period. We also find that a 10% increase in a city’s stock of large buses causes about a 0.8% population increase and a small increase in the share of poor households over this period. To estimate these effects we rely on an instrumental variables estimation which uses a 1947 plan of the interstate highway system and an 1898 map of railroads as instruments for 1980 roads.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 6633.

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Date of creation: Jan 2008
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:6633

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Keywords: instrumental variables; public transport; transportation; urban growth;

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