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When do 'Female' Occupations Pay More?

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  • Harmgart, Heike
  • Jurajda, Stepan

Abstract

We compare the importance of occupational gender segregation for the gender wage gap in East and West Germany in 1995 using a sample of social-security wage records for full-time workers. East Germany, which features a somewhat higher degree of occupational segregation, has a gender wage gap in the order of one fifth of the West German gap. Segregation is not related to the West German wage gap, but in East Germany, wages of both men and women are higher in predominantly female occupations. East German female employees apparently have better observable and unobservable characteristics than their male colleagues. These findings are in contrast to a large US literature, but are consistent with the imposition of high wage levels in East Germany at the outset of reforms and the selection of only high-skill women into employment. Finally, conditioning on unobservable labour quality differences using the longitudinal dimension of the data, there is a negligible impact of segregation in both parts of Germany.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 4270.

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Date of creation: Feb 2004
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:4270

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Keywords: gender wage gap; occupational segregation; transition;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Solange Berstein & Andrea Tokman, 2005. "Income Gap by Gender: Perpetuated or Exacerbated when Old?," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 334, Central Bank of Chile.
  2. Robert Orlowski & Regina T. Riphahn, 2008. "The East German Wage Structure after Transition," CESifo Working Paper Series 2511, CESifo Group Munich.
  3. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:41:i:2/3:p:181-198 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Cristiano Perugini & Ekaterina Selezneva, 2013. "Labour Market Institutions, Crisis and Gender Earnings Gap in Eastern Europe," Working Papers 328, Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and South-East European Studies).
  5. Jurajda, Stepán & Paligorova, Teodora, 2009. "Czech female managers and their wages," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 342-351, June.
  6. Andrén, Daniela & Andrén, Thomas, 2007. "Occupational Gender Composition and Wages in Romania: From Planned Equality to Market Inequality?," IZA Discussion Papers 3152, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Robert Orlowski & Regina T. Riphahn, 2009. "Im Osten nichts Neues – Lohnstrukturen knapp 20 Jahre nach dem Mauerfall," ifo Dresden berichtet, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 16(03), pages 24-27, 06.
  8. Beblo, Miriam & Heinze, Anja & Wolf, Elke, 2008. "Entwicklung der beruflichen Segregation von Männern und Frauen zwischen 1996 und 2005 : eine Bestandsaufnahme auf betrieblicher Ebene (Occupational segregation of men and women between 1996 and 2005 ," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 41(2/3), pages 181-198.
  9. Solange Berstein & Andrea Tokman, 2005. "Brechas de ingreso entre géneros: ¿Perpetuadas o exacerbadas en la vejez?," Working Papers 8, Superintendencia de Pensiones, revised Jul 2005.
  10. Alena Bicakova, 2012. "Gender Unemployment Gaps in the EU: Blame the Family," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp475, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economic Institute, Prague.
  11. Bičáková, Alena & Slacalek, Jiri & Slavík, Michal, 2008. "Labor supply after transition: evidence from the Czech Republic," Working Paper Series 0887, European Central Bank.

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