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Labor Market Distortions, Employment and Growth: The Recent Chilean Experience

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  • Raphael Bergoeing
  • Felipe Morandé
  • Facundo Piguillem

Abstract

The per capita growth rate of Chile from 1984 to 1997 was among the highest in the world. During recent years, however, per capita growth dropped significantly. This paper discusses the role of factor accumulation and the efficiency with which factors are used, measured as total factor productivity (TFP), to explain the evolution of output in Chile during the past 20 years. In contrast with the experience of the 1980s and early 1990s, in recent years the primary determinant of the drop in output growth has not been a decline in TFP, but a severe fall in employment. Using a calibrated dynamic general equilibrium model based on the neoclassical growth model, with fluctuations in factor inputs induced by changes in TFP and relative input prices, we conclude that a 6.17% increase in the cost of labor hiring replicates the observed fall in employment. This fall, in turn, could be attributed to a perceived higher cost of labor services associated to both the significant increase in the minimum wage observed between 1998 and 2000, and a labor code reform, intensively debated during the 1999- 2002 period.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Working Papers Central Bank of Chile with number 251.

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Date of creation: Dec 2003
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Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:251

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  1. Douglas Gollin, 2001. "Getting Income Shares Right," Department of Economics Working Papers 2001-11, Department of Economics, Williams College.
  2. Fumio Hayashi & Edward C. Prescott, 2002. "Data Appendix to The 1990s in Japan: A Lost Decade," Technical Appendices hayashi02, Review of Economic Dynamics.
  3. Raphael Bergoeing & Patrick J. Kehoe & Timothy J. Kehoe & Raimundo Soto, 2002. "A Decade Lost and Found: Mexico and Chile in the 1980s," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 5(1), pages 166-205, January.
  4. Raphael Bergoeing & Raimundo Soto, 2005. "Testing Real Business Cycle Models in a Emerging Economy," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Rómulo A. Chumacero & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel ( (ed.), General Equilibrium Models for the Chilean Economy, edition 1, volume 9, chapter 7, pages 221-260 Central Bank of Chile.
  5. Timothy J. Kehoe & Edward C. Prescott (), 2007. "Great depressions of the twentieth century," Monograph, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, number 2007gdott.
  6. Raphael Bergoeing & Felipe Morandé, 2002. "Crecimiento, Empleo e Impuestos al Trabajo: Chile 1998-2001," Working Papers wp193, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
  7. Timothy Kehoe & Edward Prescott, 2002. "Data Appendix to Great Depressions of the Twentieth Century," Technical Appendices kehoe02, Review of Economic Dynamics.
  8. Rómulo A. Chumacero & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel, 2004. "General Equilibrium Models: An Overview," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 307, Central Bank of Chile.
  9. Fumio Hayashi & Edward C. Prescott, 2000. "The 1990s in Japan: a lost decade," Working Papers 607, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
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Cited by:
  1. Elías Albagli & Pablo García & Jorge E. Restrepo, 2005. "Assessing the Flexibility of the Labor Market in Chile: An International Perspective," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Jorge Restrepo & Andrea Tokman R. & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Series Edi (ed.), Labor Markets and Institutions, edition 1, volume 8, chapter 9, pages 301-328 Central Bank of Chile.
  2. Javier Contreras-Reyes & Byron Idrovo, 2011. "En busca de un modelo Benchmark univariado para predecir la tasa de desempleo," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID.
  3. Rómulo A. Chumacero & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel, 2005. "General Equilibrium Models: An Overview," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Rómulo A. Chumacero & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel ( (ed.), General Equilibrium Models for the Chilean Economy, edition 1, volume 9, chapter 1, pages 001-027 Central Bank of Chile.

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