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Macroeconomic Effects of Government Spending Shocks: New Evidence Using Natural Disaster Relief in Korea

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  • Weonho Yang
  • Jan Fidrmuc
  • Sugata Ghosh

Abstract

We investigate the macroeconomic effects of government spending shocks in Korea. We compare results obtained with two alternative approaches: the narrative approach and Structural Vector-Autoregressive model (SVAR). We propose a new methodology for identifying exogenous and unexpected fiscal shocks under the narrative approach: natural disasters and the associated government emergency spending in the wake of such disasters. Our results suggest that when government spending increases, the responses of GDP, private consumption, real wage and investment are all positive, which is in accord with the New Keynesian model. Similar results are obtained with both approaches. However, comparing the two approaches suggests that the timing is very important in identifying government spending shocks due to the anticipation effects of fiscal policy.

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Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 3943.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_3943

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Keywords: exogenous fiscal shocks; natural disaster relief expenditure; narrative approach; structural vector-autoregressive model;

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  1. S. Rao Aiyagari & Lawrence J. Christiano & Martin Eichenbaum, 1990. "The Output, Employment, and Interest Rate Effects of Government Consumption," NBER Working Papers 3330, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  3. Raffaela Giordano & Sandro Momigliano & Stefano Neri & Roberto Perotti, 2008. "The effetcs of fiscal policy in Italy: Evidence from a VAR model," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 656, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
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  15. Crespo Cuaresma & Hlouskova & Obersteiner, 2008. "Natural Disasters As Creative Destruction? Evidence From Developing Countries," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 46(2), pages 214-226, 04.
  16. Young Lee & Changyong Rhee & Taeyoon Sung, 2006. "Fiscal policy in Korea: Before and after the financial crisis," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 13(4), pages 509-531, August.
  17. Robert J. Barro & Charles J. Redlick, 2011. "Macroeconomic Effects From Government Purchases and Taxes," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 126(1), pages 51-102.
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