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Braving the waves: The economics of clandestine migration from Africa

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  • Linguère M'BAYE

    ()
    (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International)

  • Jean-Louis ARCAND

    ()
    (Institut des Hautes Etudes Internationales et du Développement)

Abstract

Illegal immigration from the developing world to rich countries is one of the most controversial topics today. Using a unique data set on potential illegal migrants collected in Dakar, Senegal, we characterize the preferences and characteristics of illegal migrants, and the manner in which these factors interact so as to yield observed behavior. On the basis of our theoretical model, we evaluate a measure of the time and risk preferences through the individual discount rates and the individual coefficients of absolute risk aversion. Then, we test empirically our theoretical propositions and we show that these variables play a role, in the illegal migration decision, in the willingness to pay a smuggler and in the choice of the method of migration, at least as important as "classical" migration determinants such as the expected wage in the host country.

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File URL: http://publi.cerdi.org/ed/2011/2011.04.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CERDI in its series Working Papers with number 201104.

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Length: 26
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in , 2013, pages
Handle: RePEc:cdi:wpaper:1243

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Keywords: Illegal Migration; Preferences; Expectations;

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