Those in Kayes. The impact of remittances on their recipients in Africa
Abstract(English) This article briefly describes the Soninke labor migration, and interprets it as a means of diversifying risk in a context of missing insurance and credit markets. Historical and anthropological studies on this ethnic group are briefly surveyed, and suggest that it is not only the well-being of those left behind which is insured by the migrants, but also the pride of the clan. A simple partial-equilibrium model is developed to capture this phenomenon, which gives rise to moral hazard problems. This prediction is tested econometrically using an original data set collected by one of the authors in the Kayes area (Western Mali), the main source of Soninke labor migration to France. _________________________________ (français) Cet article décrit rapidement les migrations des Soninké et les interprète comme une stratégie de diversification des risques, à la lumière des développements théoriques récents. Les études historiques et ethnologiques de ces mouvements migratoires suggèrent que ce n'est pas seulement le bien-être des familles restant au village qui est assuré, mais également l'honneur du clan. Un modèle théorique en équilibre partiel est proposé pour saisir aussi simplement que possible ce phénomène. Celui-ci met en évidence le problème de risque moral qui en découle. Un test économétrique de cette prédiction est effectué sur des données d'enquête collectées par l'un des auteurs au sein de la région de Kayes (Mali), la principale zone d'origine des migrants maliens en France.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2002/11.
Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2002
Date of revision:
Migration; gestion des risques; aléa moral; inefficience technique; Risk-coping strategy; moral hazard; technical inefficiency;
Other versions of this item:
- Jean-Paul Azam & Flore Gubert, 2005. "Those in Kayes. The Impact of Remittances on Their Recipients in Africa," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 56(6), pages 1331-1358.
- Azam, Jean-Paul & Gubert, Flore, 2005. "Those in Kayes. The impact of remittances on the recipients in Africa," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4571, Paris Dauphine University.
- Azam, Jean-Paul & Gubert, Flore, 2004. "Those in Kayes: The Impact of Remittances on their Recipients in Africa," IDEI Working Papers 308, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
- C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
- D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
- D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
- Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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