The impact of the occupations and economic activities on the gender wage gap using a counterfactual framework
AbstractThis paper presents a methodology to estimate the individual gender wage gap as the difference between wages of the women and their counterfactuals defined by Coarsened Exact Matching. If the women show a higher wage than comparable men, then it is called positive gap. Using eight surveys between 1992 and 2009 for Chile, a stable average of 44% of women show positive gap. This group is considered interesting from the policy perspective because they can provide lessons to decrease the negative discrimination observed on women. Additional analysis shows that the occupations such as Managers, Professionals and Technicians and Associated Professionals always increase the positive gap. Finally, the most successful economic activity to increase the positive gap is Finance and Insurance Activities.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics in its series Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional with number 22.
Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2012
Date of revision: Apr 2012
Gender earnings gap; statistical discrimination; occupational sorting;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General
- J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
- J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-05-15 (All new papers)
- NEP-LAB-2012-05-15 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-LAM-2012-05-15 (Central & South America)
- NEP-LMA-2012-05-15 (Labor Markets - Supply, Demand, & Wages)
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Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
- The impact of the occupations and economic activities on the gender wage gap using a counterfactual framework
by Maximo Rossi in Wikiprogress América Latina on 2012-05-22 16:37:00
- Francisca Lívia S. Menezes & Ronaldo A. Arraes & Andrei G. Simonass, 2014. "Earning Differentials By Occupational Categories And Discrimination: Gender, Race And Regions," Anais do XLI Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 41th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 214, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
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