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Discriminación salarial por género en Chile: una mirada global


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  • Jeanette Fuentes
  • Amalia Palma
  • Rodrigo Montero


En este trabajo se realiza un análisis de la evolución de la discriminación salarial por género en Chile para el período 1990 y 2003, utilizando las Encuestas CASEN. Se aplica primero el método Oaxaca-Blinder y luego el de Oaxaca y Ransom, para verificar si existe una brecha salarial, conocer su magnitud y descomponer sus causas. Se corrigen las estimaciones de salarios por sesgo de selección, y mediante bootstrapping se construyen intervalos de confianza para la discriminación observada. resultados indican que la discriminación salarial por género ha disminuido durante el período, pero aún es positiva, situándose en el 2003 en 27,5%. Esto correspondería a un subpago promedio a las mujeres de 14,3% y un sobrepago promedio a los hombres de 13,2%.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its journal Estudios de Economia.

Volume (Year): 32 (2005)
Issue (Month): 2 Year 2005 (December)
Pages: 133-157

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Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:32:y:2005:i:2:p:133-157

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Keywords: Descomposición salarial; discriminación; género.;

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Cited by:
  1. Dusan Paredes, 2012. "Does the gender wage gap exist among male and female workers with similar human capital? A Coarsened Exact Matching for Chile between 1992 and 2009," Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional 19, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics, revised Apr 2012.
  2. Dusan Paredes, 2012. "The impact of the occupations and economic activities on the gender wage gap using a counterfactual framework," Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional 22, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics, revised Apr 2012.
  3. Joseph Ramos & David Coble & Ricardo Elfernan & Claudia Soto, 2013. "The Impact of Cognitive and Noncognitive Skills on Professional Salaries in An Emerging Economy, C hile," The Developing Economies, Institute of Developing Economies, vol. 51(1), pages 1-33, 03.


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