Bargaining Failures and Merger Policy
AbstractIn this paper we study the optimal ex-ante merger policy in a model where merger proposals are the result of strategic bargaining among alternative candidates. We allow for firm asymmetries and, in particular, we emphasize the fact that potential synergies generated by a merger may vary substantially depending on the identity of the participating firms. The model demonstrates that, under some circumstances, relatively inefficient mergers may take place. That is, a particular merger may materialize despite the existence of an alternative merger capable of generating higher social surplus and even higher profits. Such bargaining failures have important implications for the ex-ante optimal merger policy. We show that a more stringent policy than the ex-post optimal reduces the scope of these bargaining failures and raises expected social surplus. We use a bargaining model that is flexible, in the sense that its strategic structure does not place any exogenous restriction on the endogenous likelihood of feasible mergers.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Barcelona Graduate School of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 633.
Date of creation: May 2012
Date of revision:
endogenous mergers; merger policy; bargaining; synergies;
Other versions of this item:
- Roberto Burguet & Ramon Caminal, 2012. "Bargaining failures and merger policy," UFAE and IAE Working Papers 901.12, Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica (UAB) and Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC).
- Burguet, Roberto & Caminal, Ramon, 2012. "Bargaining failures and merger policy," CEPR Discussion Papers 8989, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
- L41 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - Monopolization; Horizontal Anticompetitive Practices
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-06-05 (All new papers)
- NEP-BEC-2012-06-05 (Business Economics)
- NEP-COM-2012-06-05 (Industrial Competition)
- NEP-IND-2012-06-05 (Industrial Organization)
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