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Un análisis de riesgo de crédito de las empresas del sector real y sus determinantes

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  • Javier Gutiérrez Rueda

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Abstract

En la literatura se considera al riesgo de crédito como una de las principales fuentes de vulnerabilidad para el sistema financiero, por lo que su correcta medición resulta de vital importancia tanto para el sistema como para los agentes que hacen parte del mercado de crédito. Este documento tiene como objetivo identificar los determinantes del riesgo de crédito a través del estudio de la probabilidad de que una empresa incumpla con el pago de sus créditos. El análisis se realiza para el periodo comprendido entre 1998 y 2007. Siguiendo los hallazgos de la literatura relacionada con este tema, se emplea un modelo Probit Heteroscedástico con efectos no lineales, el cual muestra que la rentabilidad, la liquidez y el endeudamiento son los principales determinantes de este incumplimiento. Adicionalmente, se utiliza un modelo de regresión por cuantiles para identificar los efectos de los factores macroeconómicos sobre dicha probabilidad. Los resultados de este análisis indican que el impacto de estos factores varían a lo largo de la distribución de default y que estos tienen un mayor efecto sobre los deudores más riesgosos. Estos ejercicios se complementan con un análisis de sensibilidad, el cual evidencia la vulnerabilidad de los intermediarios de crédito ante cambios en el ritmo de crecimiento del la economía.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Temas de Estabilidad Financiera with number 046.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:temest:046

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Keywords: Riesgo de crédito; probabilidad de default; Probit Heteroscedástico; regresión por cuantiles; análisis de sensibilidad. Classification JEL: C21; C25; G33.;

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  12. Arnab Bhattacharjee & Chris Higson & Sean Holly & Paul Kattuman, 2007. "Macroeconomic Conditions and Business Exit: Determinants of Failures and Acquisitions of UK Firms," CDMA Working Paper Series 200713, Centre for Dynamic Macroeconomic Analysis.
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