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A Comparative Perspective on Italy's Human Capital Accumulation

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Author Info

  • Giuseppe Bertola

    ()
    (Edhec Business School and CEPR)

  • Paolo Sestito

    ()
    (Bank of Italy)

Abstract

This paper reviews the evolution of educational institutions and outcomes over the 150 years since Italy's unification, and discusses their interaction with national and regional growth patterns. While initial educational conditions contributed to differentiate across regions the early industrial take off in the late 19th century, and formal education does not appear to have played a major role in the postwar economic boom, the slowdown of Italy's economy since the 1990s may be partly due to interactions between its traditionally low human capital intensity and new comparative advantage patterns, and to the deterioration since the 1970s of the educational system's organization.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area in its series Quaderni di storia economica (Economic History Working Papers) with number 06.

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Date of creation: Oct 2011
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Handle: RePEc:bdi:workqs:qse_06

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Keywords: Education systems; tracking; economic growth; regional convergence;

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References

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  1. Hanushek, Eric A. & Woessmann, Ludger, 2010. "The Economics of International Differences in Educational Achievement," IZA Discussion Papers 4925, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Massimiliano Landi & Antonio Merlo & Vincenzo Galasso & Andrea Mattozzi, 2008. "The Labor Market of Italian Politicians," Labor Economics Working Papers 22461, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  3. Emanuele Felice, 2011. "The determinants of Italy's regional imbalances over the long run: exploring the contributions of human and social capital," Economics Series Working Papers Number 88, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  4. Elena Meschi & Francesco Scervini, 2010. "GINI DP 3: New Dataset of Educational Inequality," GINI Discussion Papers 3, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies.
  5. Bertola, Giuseppe & Checchi, Daniele & Oppedisano, Veruska, 2007. "Private School Quality in Italy," IZA Discussion Papers 3222, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Luigi Cannari & Francesco Nucci & Paolo Sestito, 2000. "Geographic labour mobility and the cost of housing: evidence from Italy," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(14), pages 1899-1906.
  7. Fenoaltea, Stefano, 2003. "Peeking Backward: Regional Aspects of Industrial Growth in Post-Unification Italy," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 63(04), pages 1059-1102, December.
  8. Hanushek, Eric A. & Woessmann, Ludger, 2009. "Do Better Schools Lead to More Growth? Cognitive Skills, Economic Outcomes, and Causation," IZA Discussion Papers 4575, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Barro, Robert J. & Lee, Jong Wha, 2013. "A new data set of educational attainment in the world, 1950–2010," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 184-198.
  10. Checchi,Daniele, 2006. "The Economics of Education," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521793100.
  11. Bratti, Massimiliano & Checchi, Daniele & Filippin, Antonio, 2007. "Territorial Differences in Italian Students’ Mathematical Competencies: Evidence from PISA 2003," IZA Discussion Papers 2603, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  12. Fabiano Schivardi & Roberto Torrini, 2010. "Structural change and human capital in the Italian productive system," Giornale degli Economisti, GDE (Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia), Bocconi University, GDE (Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia), Bocconi University, vol. 69(3), pages 119-167, December.
  13. Guiso, Luigi & Pinotti, Paolo, 2012. "Democratization and Civic Capital," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 8847, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  14. Vittorio Daniele & Paolo Malanima, 2007. "Il prodotto delle regioni e il divario Nord-Sud in Italia (1861-2004)," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, SIPI Spa, vol. 97(2), pages 267-316, March-Apr.
  15. Barbieri, Gianna & Rossetti, Claudio & Sestito, Paolo, 2011. "The determinants of teacher mobility: Evidence using Italian teachers’ transfer applications," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 1430-1444.
  16. Luisa GAGLIARDI & Marco PERCOCO, 2011. "Regional Disparities In Italy Over The Long Run: The Role Of Human Capital And Trade Policy," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 33, pages 81-105.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Magda Bianco & Giulio Napolitano, 2011. "The Italian Administrative System: Why a Source of Competitive Disadvantage?," Quaderni di storia economica (Economic History Working Papers), Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area 24, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  2. Nicholas Crafts & Marco Magnani, 2011. "The Golden Age and the Second Globalization in Italy," Quaderni di storia economica (Economic History Working Papers), Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area 17, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  3. Andrea Brandolini & Giovanni Vecchi, 2011. "The Well-Being of Italians: A Comparative Historical Approach," Quaderni di storia economica (Economic History Working Papers), Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area 19, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  4. Bertocchi, Graziella & Bozzano, Monica, 2013. "Women, Medieval Commerce, and the Education Gender Gap," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 9359, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Matteo Gomellini & Cormac O' Grada, 2011. "Outward and Inward Migrations in Italy: A Historical Perspective," Quaderni di storia economica (Economic History Working Papers), Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area 08, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  6. Federico Barbiellini Amidei & John Cantwell & Anna Spadavecchia, 2011. "Innovation and Foreign Technology in Italy,1861-2011," Quaderni di storia economica (Economic History Working Papers), Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area 07, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.

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