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Value-Added Measures in Italian High Schools: Problems and Findings

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  • Piero Cipollone
  • Pasqualino Montanaro
  • Paolo Sestito

    ()
    (Banca d'Italia
    Banca d'Italia
    Banca d'Italia)

Abstract

Students’ competencies are influenced by a host of factors, including individual school’s effectiveness. Measuring this contribution is extremely difficult. One way of circumventing the problem is by focusing on changes in students’ competencies, i.e. value-added measures. Using the results of an INVALSI survey on high schools, this paper implements these measures for Italy, in an attempt to identify a general pattern of value-added among schools. Purging the sample from measurement errors – which require the exclusion of schools with too few students tested – and taking into account the selection bias implied by the non-compulsory nature of the survey, we find that the positive gap in favour of general programs (licei) when looking at the level of competencies tends to vanish (in math and science) when focusing on value-added measures. By contrast, in the same subjects schools located in the Southern regions are characterized not only by a lower starting level of competencies but also by a lower value-added. For math at least, there is also a general tendency for teachers’ turnover to have a negative effect on students’ improvements.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by GDE (Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia), Bocconi University in its journal Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia.

Volume (Year): 69 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 (July)
Pages: 81-114

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Handle: RePEc:gde:journl:gde_v69_n2_p81-114

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Keywords: education; geographical divides; value-added;

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Cited by:
  1. Paolo Sestito & Marco Tonello, 2011. "Quality differentials in Italian Universities' freshmen: the case of Medical and Dental Surgery schools," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 90, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  2. A. Di Liberto, 2013. "Length of stay in the host country and educational achievement of immigrant students: the Italian case," Working Paper CRENoS 201316, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.

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