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The Economics Of Controlling Infectious Diseases On Dairy Farms

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Author Info

  • Chi, Junwook
  • Weersink, Alfons
  • Vanleeuwen, John A.
  • Keefe, Gregory P.

Abstract

Cost effective disease control on the dairy farm can enhance productivity and subsequently profitability. Previous economic studies on animal disease have focused on production losses and evaluation of disease eradication programs and provided little guidance as to the optimal prevention action. This paper presents a theoretical model on the economics of livestock disease and develops an empirical model to determine the optimal set of control strategies for four production limiting cattle diseases: bovine viral diarrhea (BVD), enzootic bovine leukosis (EBL), Johne's Disease (JD) and neosporosis. Control functions indicating the prevalence of infection with each of the four diseases for each of the ten strategies are estimated. The optimal strategies that minimize total disease cost (direct production losses and control expenditures) are provided for each disease on the basis of farm survey results from the Maritime provinces. The results emphasize the importance of introduction checks before new animals enter the herd and adequate vaccination protection as cost-effective control strategies.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Guelph, Department of Food, Agricultural and Resource Economics in its series Working Papers with number 34119.

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Date of creation: 2001
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Handle: RePEc:ags:uguewp:34119

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Web page: http://fare.uoguelph.ca/
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Related research

Keywords: Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries;

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Cited by:
  1. Longworth, Natasha & Jongeneel, Roelof A. & Saatkamp, H.W. & Huirne, Ruud B.M., 2008. "Is prevention better than cure? An empirical investigation for the case of Avian Influenza," 2008 International Congress, August 26-29, 2008, Ghent, Belgium 44200, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  2. Robert Chambers & Giannis Karagiannis & Vangelis Tzouvelekas, 2009. "Yet Another Look at Pest Damage and Pesticide Productivity," Working Papers 0911, University of Crete, Department of Economics.
  3. Stott, Alistair W., 2006. "Optimisation methods for assisting policy decisions on endemic diseases," Working Papers 46000, Scotland's Rural College (formerly Scottish Agricultural College), Land Economy & Environment Research Group.
  4. David A. Hennessy, 2005. "Behavioral Incentives, Equilibrium Endemic Disease, and Health Management Policy for Farmed Animals," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 05-wp418, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
  5. van Ha, Pham & Che, Tuong Nhu & Kompas, Tom, 2007. "An Optimal Surveillance Measure Against Foot-and-Mouth Disease in the United States," 2007 Conference (51st), February 13-16, 2007, Queenstown, New Zealand 10354, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  6. Kobayashi, Mimako & Melkonyan, Tigran A., 2011. "Strategic Incentives in Biosecurity Actions: Theoretical and Empirical Analyses," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 36(2), August.
  7. Helen H. Jensen, 2005. "Infectious Disease, Productivity, and Scale in Open and Closed Animal Production Systems," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 87(4), pages 900-917.
  8. Stott, Alistair W. & Brulisauer, Franz & Fraser, Fiona & Gunn, George J., 2009. "Measuring the benefits of farm animal health," 83rd Annual Conference, March 30-April 1, 2009, Dublin, Ireland 51077, Agricultural Economics Society.
  9. Rat-Aspert, Olivier & Krebs, Stephane, 2012. "Individual and collective management of endemic animal diseases: an economic approach," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 126812, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  10. Wolf, Christopher A., 2005. "Producer Livestock Disease Management Incentives and Decisions," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IAMA), vol. 8(01).
  11. Siekkinen, K.-M. & Heikkila, Jaakko & Tammiranta, N. & Rosengren, H., 2008. "The Costs of Biosecurity at the Farm Level: the Case of Finnish Broiler," 2008 International Congress, August 26-29, 2008, Ghent, Belgium 44240, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  12. Stott, Alistair W., 2006. "Optimisation methods for assisting policy decisions on endemic diseases," Working Papers 46000, Scottish Agricultural College, Land Economy Research Group.

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