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Fluxos De Algodão Em Pluma Para Exportação No Estado Da Bahia: Uma Aplicação De Programação Linear

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  • LEITE, SHEILA CRISTINA FERREIRA
  • DE FIGUEIREDO, MARGARIDA GARCIA
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    Abstract

    Os ganhos de produtividade na agricultura brasileira vêm apresentando crescimentos expressivos, dessa forma o Brasil deveria estar se inserindo no contexto internacional com grande competitividade. No entanto, observa-se que a estrutura logística brasileira é um gargalo que vem reduzindo a competitividade agrícola do país. Como exemplo desta problemática, tem-se a cotonicultura brasileira que vem passando por profundas transformações que resultaram na posição do país como importante exportador mundial, mas que altos custos logísticos afetam seu desempenho. Analisando-se o fluxo de algodão em pluma para exportação no Estado da Bahia, segundo maior produtor, verifica-se que o quantum exportado pelo estado não é escoado pelos Portos baianos em razão da falta de infra-estrutura adequada para o escoamento do produto. Dado este cenário buscou-se avaliar alternativas de escoamento do algodão baiano destinado à exportação, avaliando diferentes cenários. Como principais resultados, o modelo indica que considerando a não implantação de infra-estrutura nos Portos baianos a produção deveria ser escoada via Porto de Santos e Vitória, o que representaria uma redução de 2,08% quando comparado com os atuais custos de escoamento. Numa alternativa, considerando a implantação da infra-estrutura necessária para o escoamento do algodão pelos Portos da Bahia, o modelo indica que cerca de 84% da produção deveria ser escoada via Porto de Aratu e o restante via Porto de Ilhéus, o que representaria uma redução de 28,39% sobre os atuais custos de escoamento. Ainda, teve-se como resultado que optando por implantar a infraestrutura necessária para exportar algodão em pluma em um Porto da Bahia, a opção que minimizaria custos de escoamento seria a implantação no Porto de Aratu.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 44th Congress, July 23-27, 2006, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil with number 149116.

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    Date of creation: 2006
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sobr06:149116

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    Web page: http://www.sober.org.br/
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    Keywords: Algodão; Logística; Bahia; Exportação; Custos; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; International Development; International Relations/Trade;

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