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A Partial Equilibrium Model Of The Linkages Between Animal Welfare, Trade And The Environment In Scotland

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  • Toma, Luiza
  • Ashworth, Cheryl J.
  • Stott, Alistair W.

Abstract

This research analyses the impacts of a scientific advance that improves animal welfare, upon the environment and trade in Scotland using partial equilibrium (PE) modelling. The science improves pig neonatal survival through improved (high fibre) sow diets used before mating. Our model simulates the effects of animal welfare changes on the pig production systems (pig meat) and further on trade flows (trade in pig meat) and environment (water and air pollution). We consider two animal welfare simulation scenarios, namely the status quo – no animal welfare change as regards pig neonatal mortality (baseline scenario) and the case of improving pig neonatal survival (alternative scenario) and compare the impacts on trade and environment between the two scenarios during the simulation horizon 2008-2015. The results show that the increase in animal welfare has a lower impact on the environment in the alternative scenario compared to the baseline scenario (by about 6% at the end of the simulation horizon) and a positive impact on net trade in the alternative scenario compared to the baseline scenario (by about 13% at the end of the simulation horizon).

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File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44825
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Association of Agricultural Economists in its series 109th Seminar, November 20-21, 2008, Viterbo, Italy with number 44825.

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Date of creation: 13 Nov 2008
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Handle: RePEc:ags:eaa109:44825

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Related research

Keywords: Pig Welfare; Trade; Environment; Scotland; Partial Equilibrium Model.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q18; Q50;

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  1. Jayadevappa, Ravishankar & Chhatre, Sumedha, 2000. "International trade and environmental quality: a survey," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 175-194, February.
  2. Chad Barrett & Jacinto F. Fabiosa, 1998. "Policy Model for the Livestock and Poultry Sectors of Mexico, A," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 98-tr39, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
  3. Beghin, John C. & Bureau, Jean-Christophe, 2005. "Quantitative Policy Analysis of Sanitary, Phytosanitary and Technical Barriers to Trade," Staff General Research Papers 12740, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  4. L Pez, Ram N, 2000. "Trade reform and environmental externalities in general equilibrium: analysis for an archetype poor tropical country," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 5(04), pages 377-404, October.
  5. Bandara, Jayatilleke S. & Coxhead, Ian, 1999. "Can Trade Liberalization Have Environmental Benefits in Developing Country Agriculture? A Sri Lankan Case Study," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 349-374, May.
  6. Beghin, John C. & Metcalfe, Mark, 2000. "Environmental Regulation and Competitiveness in the Hog Industry: An International Perspective," Staff General Research Papers 5090, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  7. Chad Barrett & Jacinto F. Fabiosa, 1998. "Policy Model for the Livestock and Poultry Sectors of Mexico, A," Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) Publications 98-tr39, Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) at Iowa State University.
  8. McCalla, Alex F & Revoredo, Cesar L., 2001. "Prospects for global food security: a critical appraisal of past projections and predictions," 2020 vision discussion papers 35, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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