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The Evolution of Regional Labour Productivities in Japanese Manufacturing, 1968-2004

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  • Jurgen Essletzbichler
  • Kazuo Kadokawa
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    Abstract

    Essletzbichler J. and Kadokawa K. The evolution of regional labour productivities in Japanese manufacturing, 1968-2004. Regional Studies. The success of the Japanese economy in the post-war period was predicated on the rapid productivity catch-up of its manufacturing sector to Western economies, although productivity varied widely among Japanese regions. This paper examines the evolution of labour productivity in Japanese prefectures over the period 1968-2004. Employing Markov chain analysis, variance shift-share analysis, and analysis of variance, the paper demonstrates that during the period of fast productivity growth, the Japanese economy was characterized by an increasing polarization of productivity levels, while the period of slow growth since the early 1990s produced convergence in regional productivity levels. [image omitted] Essletzbichler J. et Kadokawa K. L'evolution de la productivite regionale du travail dans l'industrie japonaise de 1968 a 2004. Regional Studies. La reussite de l'economie japonaise pendant la periode d'apres-guerre repose sur le regain rapide de la productivite de son secteur industriel par rapport a celle des economies occidentales, bien que la productivite ait varie sensiblement au Japon a l'echelle interregionale. Cet article cherche a examiner l'evolution de la productivite du travail dans les prefectures japonaises entre 1968 et 2004. A partir d'une analyse par chaine de Markov, d'une analyse repartition-redistribution de variance et d'une analyse de la variance, cet article montre que l'economie japonaise se caracterise par une divergence accrue des niveaux de productivite pendant la periode de croissance forte de la productivite, tandis que la periode de croissance faible depuis le debut des annees 1990 fait preuve d'une convergence des niveaux de productivite regionaux. Japon Industrie Productivite Convergence regionale Analyse par chaine de Markov Analyse repartition-redistribution de variance Essletzbichler J. und Kadokawa K. Die Entwicklung der regionalen Produktivitat von Arbeitskraften im japanischen Produktionswesen, 1968-2004. Regional Studies. Der Erfolg der japanischen Wirtschaft in der Nachkriegszeit grundete darauf, dass das Land hinsichtlich der Produktivitat seines produzierenden Sektors gegenuber den westlichen Wirtschaften rasch aufholte. Allerdings fiel die Produktivitat in den verschiedenen japanischen Regionen stark unterschiedlich aus. In diesem Beitrag untersuchen wir die Entwicklung der Produktivitat von Arbeitskraften in den japanischen Prafekturen im Zeitraum von 1968 bis 2004. Anhand einer Markow-Ketten-Analyse, Varianz-Shift-Share-Analyse und Varianz-Analyse weisen wir nach, dass sich die japanische Wirtschaft in der Periode des raschen Produktivitatswachstums durch eine zunehmende Polarisierung der Produktivitatsniveaus auszeichnete, wahrend die Periode des langsamen Wachstums seit Beginn der neunziger Jahre zu einer Konvergenz der regionalen Produktivitatsniveaus fuhrte. Japan Produktion Produktivitat Regionale Konvergenz Markow-Ketten-Analyse Varianz-Shift-Share-Analyse Essletzbichler J. y Kadokawa K. La evolucion de las productividades laborales a nivel regional en el sector manufacturero de Japon, 1968-2004. Regional Studies. El exito de la economia japonesa en el periodo de posguerra se baso en el rapido aumento de productividad de su sector de manufactura hacia los niveles de las economias occidentales, aunque la productividad variaba mucho entre las diferentes regiones japonesas. En este articulo examinamos la evolucion de la productividad laboral en las prefecturas japonesas durante el periodo 1968-2004. Con ayuda de una analisis de cadenas de Markov, analisis de varianza shift-share y analisis de varianza, en este ensayo demostramos que durante el periodo de rapido crecimiento de la productividad, la economia japonesa se caracterizo por un aumento de la polarizacion de los niveles de productividad, mientras que el periodo de crecimiento lento desde principios de los noventa produjo una convergencia en los niveles de productividad regionales. Japon Industria manufacturera Productividad Convergencia regional Analisis de cadenas de Markov Analisis de varianza shift-share

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 44 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 9 ()
    Pages: 1189-1205

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:44:y:2010:i:9:p:1189-1205

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    Keywords: Japan; Manufacturing; Productivity; Regional convergence; Markov chain analysis; Variance shift-share analysis;

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