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Geographical Labour Mobility: Migration or Commuting?

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Author Info

  • Kent Eliasson
  • Urban Lindgren
  • Olle Westerlund

Abstract

ELIASSON K., LINDGREN U. and WESTERLUND O. (2003) Geographical labour mobility: migration or commuting?, Reg. Studies 37 , 827-837. In this paper, we examine how individual labour market status and spatial variations in employment opportunities influence interregional job search behaviour and mobility decisions in Sweden. The econometric analysis is based on 290,000 individual observations and refers to the years 1994-95. The empirical results show that the probability of interregional labour mobility unexpectedly decreases with the accessibility to employment opportunities in neighbouring regions. As expected, the findings reveal that accessibility to job openings in surrounding regions significantly increases the likelihood of choosing commuting as the mobility mode. Moreover, the empirical findings indicate that individual unemployment experience increases the likelihood of mobility as well as migration. ELIASSON K., LINDGREN U. et WESTERLUND O. (2003) La mobilite geographique du travail: la migration ou les migrations quotidiennes?, Reg. Studies 37 , 827-837. Cet article cherche a examiner comment l'importance des marches du travail et la variation geographique des possibilites d'emploi particulieres influent sur le comportement pour ce qui est de la recherche d'emploi interregionale et de la mobilite en Suede. L'analyse econometrique est fondee sur 290 000 observations individuelles et remonte a la periode de 1994 a 1995. Les resultats empiriques laissent voir que la probabilite de la mobilite interregionale du travail decroisse de facon inattendue en fonction de l'accessibilite des possibilites d' emploi dans les regions voisines. Comme prevu, les resultats laissent voir que l'accessibilite des possibilites de travail dans les regions environnantes augmente sensiblement la probabilite que les migrations quotidiennes vont devenir le mode prefere pour se rendre au travail. En outre, les resultats laissent voir que le profil individuel quant aux situations de chomage augmente la probabilite de la mobilite ainsi que de la migration. ELIASSON K., LINDGREN U. und WESTERLUND O. (2003) Geographische Mobilitat von Arbeitskra ften, Reg. Studies 37 , 827-837. In diesem Aufsatz wird untersucht, inwiefern in Schweden individuelle Arbeitsmarktstellung und raumliche Abweichungen bei offenen Stellen interregionales Verhalten bei Stellensuche und Mobilita tsentscheidungen beeinflussen. Die okonornische, Analyse stutzt sich auf 290,000 Einzelbeobachtungen und bezieht sich auf die Jahre 1994-1995. Die empirischen Ergebnisse zeigen, dass die Wahrscheinlichkeit interregionaler Mobilitat von Arbeitskraften uberraschenderweise mit der Zuganglichkeit offener Stellen in benachbarten Regionen abnimmt. Wie erwartet, zeigen die Befunde, dass die Zuganglichkeit offener Stellen in den Regionen der Umgebung die Wahrscheinlichkeit, Pendeln als Mobilitatsform zu wahlen, signifikant zunehmen lasst. Ausserdem weisen die empirischen Befunde darauf hin, dass derjenige, der weiss, was es bedeutet, arbeitslos zu sein, eher zu Mobilitat wie auch zu Wanderung neigt.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 37 (2003)
Issue (Month): 8 ()
Pages: 827-837

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:37:y:2003:i:8:p:827-837

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Related research

Keywords: Labour Mobility; Migration; Commuting; Bivariate Probit;

References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Ciriaci, Daria, 2009. "University quality, interregional brain drain and spatial inequality. The case of Italy," MPRA Paper 30015, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 31 Mar 2011.
  2. Håkansson, Johan & Isacsson, Gunnar, 2013. "How Does Employment Density Influence Individuals' Wages? A Micro Data Approach," HUI Working Papers 97, HUI Research.
  3. John Muellbauer & Anthony Murphy & John Muellbauer, 2006. "Housing Market Dynamics and Regional Migration in Britain," Economics Series Working Papers 275, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  4. Szekely, Vladimir & Michniak, Daniel, 6. "Rural municipalities of Slovakia with a positive commuting balance," Rural Areas and Development, European Rural Development Network, vol. 6.
  5. Paul Haynes & Alessandra Vecchi & James Wickham, 2006. "Flying around the globe and bringing business back home?," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp173, IIIS.
  6. Kronenberg, Kristin & Carree, Martin, 2010. "Job and residential mobility in the Netherlands: the influence of human capital, household composition and location," MPRA Paper 25840, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Lindgren, Urban & Westerlund, Olle, 2003. "Labour market programmes and geographical mobility: migration and commuting among programme participants and openly unemployed," Working Paper Series 2003:6, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  8. Mikaela Backman & Lina Bjerke, 2011. "Location of Talent," ERSA conference papers ersa10p415, European Regional Science Association.
  9. Christian Schmidt, 2011. "Commuting and Migration Decisions under Cost Uncertainty," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1481, European Regional Science Association.
  10. Mark Partridge & Rose Olfert, 2011. "The Winners' Choice: Sustainable Economic Strategies for Successful 21st Century Regions," ERSA conference papers ersa11p1655, European Regional Science Association.
  11. Partridge, Mark & Betz, Mike, 2012. "Country Road Take Me Home: Migration Patterns in the Appalachia America and Place-Based Policy," MPRA Paper 38293, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  12. Jans, Ann-Christin, 2005. "Family relations, children and interregional mobility, 1970 to 2000," Arbetsrapport 2005:12, Institute for Futures Studies.
  13. Mart Kaska & Tiiu Paas, 2013. "Cross-Border Labour Flows From Estonia To Neighbouring Countries," University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Working Paper Series 91, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia).
  14. Sandow, Erika & Westin, Kerstin, 2010. "The persevering commuter - Duration of long-distance commuting," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 44(6), pages 433-445, July.
  15. Clark, William A.V. & van Ham, Maarten & Coulter, Rory, 2011. "Socio-Spatial Mobility in British Society," IZA Discussion Papers 5861, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  16. Danny Ben-Shahar & Eyal Sulganik, 2011. "Vacancy chains and the degree of mobility in the housing market," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 47(3), pages 569-583, December.
  17. Jan Ubøe & Inge Thorsen & David McArthur, 2011. "Modelling intra-regional geographic mobility in a rural setting," ERSA conference papers ersa11p1243, European Regional Science Association.
  18. Ana Angulo & Jesus Mur, 2005. "Geographical Labour Mobility In Spain - A Panel Data Approach," ERSA conference papers ersa05p247, European Regional Science Association.
  19. McArthur, David Philip & Thorsen, Inge & Ubøe, Jan, 2013. "Employment, transport infrastructure and rural depopulation: a new spatial equilibrium model," Discussion Papers 2013/9, Department of Business and Management Science, Norwegian School of Economics.
  20. Marta Kaska & Tiiu Paas, 2013. "An empirical analysis of cross-border labour mobility in the case of Estonia," Norface Discussion Paper Series 2013016, Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London.
  21. Heikkilä, Elli & Johansson, Mats & Persson, Lars Olof & Stambol, Lasse Sigbjorn, 1999. "Interregional labour mobility through regional vacancy chains: a comparative international approach," ERSA conference papers ersa99pa223, European Regional Science Association.

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