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A Theory of Employment, Unemployment and Sickness

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  • Christina Beatty
  • Stephen Fothergill
  • Rob Macmillan
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    Abstract

    BEATTY C., FOTHERGILL S. and MACMILLAN R. (2000) A theory of employment, unemployment and sickness, Reg. Studies 34, 617-630. This paper explains how the measurement of unemployment is distorted by the way that 'sickness' is defined and counted by social security systems. Drawing on the concepts of 'hidden sickness', 'the queue for jobs' and 'hidden unemployment', and on empirical observations from the UK, it shows how job loss can result in increased recorded sickness rather than recorded unemployment. It also shows how this process may vary between localities and countries. The argument has profound implications for perceptions of the true extent of unemployment and of labour market disparities between regions. BEATTY C., FOTHERGILL S. et MACMILLAN R. (2000) L'emploi, le chomage et la maladie: une theorie, Reg. Studies 34, 617-630. Cet article chercheaexpliquer comment la mesure du chomage s'avere fausseeacause de la facon dont la Secu definit 'maladie' et la comptabilise. Puisant dans des notions de 'maladie deguisee', 'file d'attente pour l'emploi' et 'chomage deguise', et a partir des preuves empiriques provenant du R-U, on laisse voir comment la perte d'emploi peut entra L ner une hausse du nombre des maladies comptabilisees plutot qu'une augmentation du nombre des chomeurs inscrits. On laisse voir aussi comment ce processus varie suivant la region et le pays. Les retombees de cet argument remettent clairement en question le vrai niveau du chomage et l'ampleur des disparites interregionales entre les marches du travail. BEATTY C., FOTHERGILL S. und MACMILLAN R. (2000) Eine Theorie der Erwerbstatigkeit, Arbeitslosigkeit und Krankheit, Reg. Studies 34, 617-630. Dieser Aufsatz erklart, wie die Messung der Arbeitslosigkeit durch die Art und Weise der Definition und Zahlung von 'Krankheit' durch Sozialversicherungssystemen bestimmt wird. Gestutzt auf die Begriffe, 'versteckte Krankheit', 'Warteliste der Arbeitsuchenden' und 'versteckte Arbeitslosigkeit' sowie auf empirische Beobachtungen in Grossbritannien, zeigt er auf, wie Verlust des Arbeitsplatzes eher zu vermehrter Registrierung von Krankheit als Registrierung von Arbeitslosigkeit fuhren kann. Er zeigt auch, wie dieser Vorgang von Ort zu Ort und von Land zu Land schwanken kann. Das Argument hat tiefgreifende Implikationen fur die Einschatzung des wahren Ausmasses der Arbeitslosigkeit und regionaler Ungleichheiten im Arbeitsmarkt.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 34 (2000)
    Issue (Month): 7 ()
    Pages: 617-630

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:34:y:2000:i:7:p:617-630

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    Related research

    Keywords: Unemployment; Sickness; Job Loss; Social Security;

    References

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    1. Haveman, Robert & Wolfe, Barbara & Kreider, Brent & Stone, Mark, 1994. "Market Work, Wages, and Men's Health," Staff General Research Papers 10233, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    2. Anderson, Kathryn H. & Burkhauser, Richard V., 1984. "The importance of the measure of health in empirical estimates of the labor supply of older men," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 16(3-4), pages 375-380.
    3. Gloria J. Bazzoli, 1985. "The Early Retirement Decision: New Empirical Evidence on the Influence of Health," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 20(2), pages 214-234.
    4. John Sutherland, 1999. "Further reflections on hidden unemployment: An examination of the off-flows from the claimant count in the North West of England," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(5), pages 465-476.
    5. Blondal, Sveinbjorn & Pearson, Mark, 1995. "Unemployment and Other Non-employment Benefits," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(1), pages 136-69, Spring.
    6. David Armstrong, 1999. "Hidden Male Unemployment in Northern Ireland," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(6), pages 499-511.
    7. A. E. Green, 1999. "Insights into unemployment and non-employment in Europe using alternative measures," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(5), pages 453-464.
    8. Christina Beatty & Stephen Fothergill, 1996. "Labour Market Adjustment in Areas of Chronic Industrial Decline: The Case of the UK Coalfields," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(7), pages 627-640.
    9. John Tomaney & Andy Pike & James Cornford, 1999. "Plant Closure and the Local Economy: The Case of Swan Hunter on Tyneside," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(5), pages 401-411.
    10. Ivan Turok & David Webster, 1998. "The New Deal," Local Economy, London South Bank University, vol. 12(4), pages 309-328, February.
    11. John Bound, 1991. "Self-Reported Versus Objective Measures of Health in Retirement Models," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 26(1), pages 106-138.
    12. R R MacKay, 1999. "Work and nonwork: a more difficult labour market," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 31(11), pages 1919-1934, November.
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    Cited by:
    1. Darby, Julia & MĂ©litz, Jacques, 2007. "Labour Market Adjustment, Social Spending and the Automatic Stabilizers in the OECD," CEPR Discussion Papers 6230, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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